Karina Dalsgaard Sørensen

Genome-Wide analysis of allelic imbalance in laser microdissected prostate cancer tissue using the Affymetrix 50K Mapping array identifies genomic patterns associated with metastasis and differentiation

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  • Bioinformatics Research Centre (BiRC)
  • Department of clinical biochemistry
  • The Department of Urology K
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous cancer in male subjects in Western countries. The widespread use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has increased the detection of this cancer form in earlier stages. Moreover, it has increased the need for new diagnostic procedures to be developed for patient stratification based on risk of progression. We analysed laser-microdissected prostate tumour tissue from 43 patients with histologically verified PCa, using the new high-resolution Affymetrix Mapping 50K single-nucleotide polymorphism array. The results showed six major loss of heterozygosity regions at chromosomes 6q14-16, 8p23-11, 10q23, 13q13-21 and 16q21-24 and a novel region at chromosome 21q22.2, all of which reveal concomitant copy number loss. Tumour development was further characterised by numerous novel genomic regions almost exclusively showing copy number loss. However, tumour progression towards a metastatic stage, as well as poor differentiation, was identified by specific patterns of copy number gains of genomic regions located at chromosomes 8q, 1q, 3q and 7q. Androgen ablation therapy was further characterised by copy gain at chromosomes 2p and 10q. In conclusion, patterns of allelic imbalance were discovered in PCa, consisting allelic loss as an early event in tumour development, and distinct patterns of allelic amplification related to tumour progression and poor differentiation.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 23 January 2007; doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6603476 www.bjcancer.com.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Pages (from-to)499-506
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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