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Mosses in High-Arctic lakes: in situ measurements of annual primary production and decomposition

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Mosses in High-Arctic lakes : in situ measurements of annual primary production and decomposition. / Riis, T.; Christoffersen, K. S.; Baattrup-Pedersen, A.

In: Polar Biology, Vol. 39, No. 3, 01.03.2016, p. 543-552.

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@article{89dbecc65ee24c6ab8fc050f75a6b59c,
title = "Mosses in High-Arctic lakes: in situ measurements of annual primary production and decomposition",
abstract = "Aquatic mosses are important primary producers in High-Arctic lakes, but little information is available on their contribution to the overall production in these lakes. In order to predict effects of climate change on whole-lake ecosystem characteristics, more knowledge is needed on the role of moss in primary production, the extent of nutrient limitation of moss primary production and whether moss serves as food resource for secondary producers. In this study, we conducted an in situ growth experiment of an aquatic moss in a High-Arctic lake in NE Greenland and used these data to determine annual net production of this moss in the whole lake. We also measured tissue-N and tissue-P in order to assess nutrient limitation of moss production, measured in situ decomposition rates by litter bag experiments over 1 year and assessed the role of moss as food source by analysing stable isotope 15N and 13C of relevant organism groups in the lake. Net primary production of moss was 1.3 gC m−2 year−1 and constituted 23 {\%} of the total benthic primary production and 18 {\%} of the total lake primary production. Stoichiometric assessments suggested N and P limitation of moss growth. On average, 15 {\%} of the standing biomass was decomposed per year. Our results also indicate that moss is not directly used as food resource by herbivores, but the most abundant herbivore, Lepidurusarcticus, is feeding on the epiphytic biofilm on the moss. Moss biomass is instead incorporated into the microbial decomposer pathway. All together, the study shows that moss plays an important ecological role as primary producer in High-Arctic lakes and functions as substrate for periphytic biofilm that serves as food resource for important herbivore invertebrates.",
keywords = "Annual growth, Aquatic moss, Global warming, Growth rate, High Arctic, In situ growth experiment, Lake primary production",
author = "T. Riis and Christoffersen, {K. S.} and A. Baattrup-Pedersen",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00300-015-1806-9",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "543--552",
journal = "Polar Biology",
issn = "0722-4060",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mosses in High-Arctic lakes

T2 - in situ measurements of annual primary production and decomposition

AU - Riis, T.

AU - Christoffersen, K. S.

AU - Baattrup-Pedersen, A.

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Aquatic mosses are important primary producers in High-Arctic lakes, but little information is available on their contribution to the overall production in these lakes. In order to predict effects of climate change on whole-lake ecosystem characteristics, more knowledge is needed on the role of moss in primary production, the extent of nutrient limitation of moss primary production and whether moss serves as food resource for secondary producers. In this study, we conducted an in situ growth experiment of an aquatic moss in a High-Arctic lake in NE Greenland and used these data to determine annual net production of this moss in the whole lake. We also measured tissue-N and tissue-P in order to assess nutrient limitation of moss production, measured in situ decomposition rates by litter bag experiments over 1 year and assessed the role of moss as food source by analysing stable isotope 15N and 13C of relevant organism groups in the lake. Net primary production of moss was 1.3 gC m−2 year−1 and constituted 23 % of the total benthic primary production and 18 % of the total lake primary production. Stoichiometric assessments suggested N and P limitation of moss growth. On average, 15 % of the standing biomass was decomposed per year. Our results also indicate that moss is not directly used as food resource by herbivores, but the most abundant herbivore, Lepidurusarcticus, is feeding on the epiphytic biofilm on the moss. Moss biomass is instead incorporated into the microbial decomposer pathway. All together, the study shows that moss plays an important ecological role as primary producer in High-Arctic lakes and functions as substrate for periphytic biofilm that serves as food resource for important herbivore invertebrates.

AB - Aquatic mosses are important primary producers in High-Arctic lakes, but little information is available on their contribution to the overall production in these lakes. In order to predict effects of climate change on whole-lake ecosystem characteristics, more knowledge is needed on the role of moss in primary production, the extent of nutrient limitation of moss primary production and whether moss serves as food resource for secondary producers. In this study, we conducted an in situ growth experiment of an aquatic moss in a High-Arctic lake in NE Greenland and used these data to determine annual net production of this moss in the whole lake. We also measured tissue-N and tissue-P in order to assess nutrient limitation of moss production, measured in situ decomposition rates by litter bag experiments over 1 year and assessed the role of moss as food source by analysing stable isotope 15N and 13C of relevant organism groups in the lake. Net primary production of moss was 1.3 gC m−2 year−1 and constituted 23 % of the total benthic primary production and 18 % of the total lake primary production. Stoichiometric assessments suggested N and P limitation of moss growth. On average, 15 % of the standing biomass was decomposed per year. Our results also indicate that moss is not directly used as food resource by herbivores, but the most abundant herbivore, Lepidurusarcticus, is feeding on the epiphytic biofilm on the moss. Moss biomass is instead incorporated into the microbial decomposer pathway. All together, the study shows that moss plays an important ecological role as primary producer in High-Arctic lakes and functions as substrate for periphytic biofilm that serves as food resource for important herbivore invertebrates.

KW - Annual growth

KW - Aquatic moss

KW - Global warming

KW - Growth rate

KW - High Arctic

KW - In situ growth experiment

KW - Lake primary production

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959536175&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00300-015-1806-9

DO - 10.1007/s00300-015-1806-9

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84959536175

VL - 39

SP - 543

EP - 552

JO - Polar Biology

JF - Polar Biology

SN - 0722-4060

IS - 3

ER -