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Jørgen Frøkiær

Urinary tract obstruction induces transient accumulation of COX-2-derived prostanoids in kidney tissue

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  • Department of Anatomy
  • Biomedical Radio Isotope Techniques
  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
Inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 prevent suppression of aquaporin-2 and reduce polyuria in the acute phase after release of bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO). We hypothesized that BUO leads to COX-2-mediated local accumulation of prostanoids in inner medulla (IM) tissue. To test this, rats were subjected to BUO and treated with selective COX-1 or COX-2 inhibitors. Tissue was examined at 2, 6, 12, and 24 h after BUO. COX-2 protein abundance increased in IM 12 and 24 h after onset of BUO but did not change in cortex. COX-1 did not change at any time points in any region. A full profile of all five primary prostanoids was obtained by mass spectrometric determination of PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), 6-keto-PGF(1alpha), PGD(2), and thromboxane (Tx) B(2) concentrations in kidney cortex/outer medulla and IM fractions. IM concentration of PGE(2), 6-keto-PGF(1alpha), and PGF(2alpha) was increased at 6 h BUO, and PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha) increased further at 12 h BUO. TxB(2) increased after 12 h BUO. 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) remained significantly increased after 24 h BUO. The COX-2 inhibitor parecoxib lowered IM PGE(2,) TxB(2), 6-keto-PGF(1alpha), and PGF(2alpha) below vehicle-treated BUO and sham rats at 6, 12 and, 24 h BUO. The COX-1 inhibitor SC-560 lowered PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), and PGD(2) in IM compared with untreated 12 h BUO, but levels remained significantly above sham. In cortex tissue, PGE(2) and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) concentrations were elevated at 6 h only. In conclusion, COX-2 activity contributes to the transient increase in prostacyclin metabolite 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) and TxB(2) concentration in the kidney IM, and COX-2 is the predominant isoform that is responsible for accumulation of PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha) with minor, but significant, contributions from COX-1. PGD(2) synthesis is mediated exclusively by COX-1. In BUO, therapeutic interventions aimed at the COX-prostanoid pathway should target primarily COX-2.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume298
Issue4
Pages (from-to)R1017-25
ISSN0363-6119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Research areas

  • Animals, Aquaporin 2, Cyclooxygenase 1, Cyclooxygenase 2, Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors, Dinoprost, Dinoprostone, Immunohistochemistry, Kidney, Kidney Cortex, Kidney Medulla, Male, Prostaglandin D2, Prostaglandins, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Thromboxane B2, Ureteral Obstruction

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