Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Jørgen Frøkiær

Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction Alters Expression of Acid-Base Transporters in Rat Kidney

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Department of Anatomy
  • Biomedical Radio Isotope Techniques
  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
  • Nyremedicinsk Afdeling, Medicinsk Center, Aalborg Sygehus Syd
PURPOSE: Unilateral ureteral obstruction is a common clinical problem that is often associated with a urinary acidification defect caused by decreased net H(+) secretion and/or HCO(3)(-) reabsorption. To clarify the molecular mechanisms of these defects we examined expression levels of key acid-base transporters along the renal nephron segments and collecting duct. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats (Møllegard Breeding Centre, Eiby, Denmark) underwent 24-hour unilateral ureteral obstruction, unilateral ureteral obstruction release followed for 4 days or unilateral ureteral obstruction release followed for 4 days plus experimental acidosis induced by NH(4)Cl oral administration. After sacrifice kidneys were processed for immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Semiquantitative immunoblotting revealed that unilateral ureteral obstruction caused significant mean +/- SE down-regulation of type 3 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger to 53% +/- 9%, electrogenic Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransporter to 60% +/- 9%, type 1 bumetanide sensitive Na(+)-K(+)(NH(4)(+)) -2Cl(-) cotransporter to 64% +/- 7%, electroneutral Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransporter to 43% +/- 4% and anion exchanger (pendrin) to 53% +/- 10% in the obstructed kidney, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. After release of unilateral ureteral obstruction down-regulation of these transporters persisted together with marked down-regulation of H(+)-adenosine triphosphatase in the obstructed kidney. In rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction release followed for 4 days with experimental acidosis induced by NH(4)Cl oral administration plasma pH and HCO(3)(-) were dramatically decreased in response to NH(4)Cl for 2 days compared with those in sham operated rats with acid loading, indicating a defect in H(+) excretion and HCO(3)(-) reabsorption after obstruction release. Expression of these transporters did not change in the contralateral nonobstructed kidney of rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction and unilateral ureteral obstruction release followed for 4 days. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of renal acid-base transporters is markedly decreased in the obstructed kidney, which may be responsible for the contribution of impaired renal H(+) excretion and HCO(3)(-) reabsorption to the urinary acidification defect in response to unilateral ureteral obstruction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume182
Issue6
Pages (from-to)2964-73
ISSN0022-5347
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 18068412