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Jørgen Frøkiær

Immunolocalization of aquaporin-8 in rat kidney, gastrointestinal tract, testis, and airways

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  • Department for Clinical Genetics
  • Department of Anatomy
The purpose of this study was to determine the cellular and subcellular localization of aquaporin-8 (AQP8) in rat kidney and other organs by RT-PCR analyses and by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry using peptide-derived rabbit antibodies to rat AQP8. RT-PCR and Southern blotting revealed the presence of AQP8 mRNA in all kidney zones. LLC-PK(1) cells transfected with a rat AQP8 construct exhibited strong labeling with the affinity-purified antibodies, whereas controls using cells transfected with the vector, but without the insert, were negative. The labeling was almost exclusively associated with intracellular vesicles. Immunoblotting of kidney membrane fractions revealed a predominant single band of 26-28 kDa. AQP8 immunoreactivity was mainly present in the cortex and outer stripe of the outer medulla. Sequential ultracentrifugation of rat kidney membrane revealed that AQP8 resides predominantly in intracellular vesicular fractions. Immunocytochemistry revealed modest labeling of proximal tubules and weak labeling of collecting ducts in cortex and medulla of rat kidney. The labeling was confined to cytoplasmic areas with no labeling of the brush border. Immunoblotting and RT-PCR/Southern blotting also revealed the presence of AQP8 protein and mRNA in rat liver, testis, epididymis, duodenum, jejunum, colon, and bronchi/trachea. Consistent with this, immunohistochemistry revealed AQP8 labeling in the hepatocytes and spermatogenic cells in testis and in the basal cells in ductus epididymis, trachea, and bronchial epithelia. Moreover, AQP8 labeling was observed in the myoepithelial cells in salivary, bronchial, and tracheal glands with no labeling of acini or ductal epithelial cells. AQP8 is also present in the surface epithelial cells in duodenum, jejunum, and colon. In conclusion, AQP8 is expressed at low levels in rat kidney proximal tubules and collecting ducts, and it is present in distinct cell types in liver, testis, epididymis, duodenum, jejunum, colon, trachea, and principal bronchi as well as in multiple glands, including salivary glands.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Renal Physiology
Pages (from-to)F1047-57
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001

    Research areas

  • Animals, Aquaporins, Cell Line, Digestive System, Epididymis, Immunoblotting, Immunohistochemistry, Intestinal Mucosa, Ion Channels, Kidney, Liver, Male, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Respiratory Mucosa, Respiratory System, Salivary Glands, Testis, Tissue Distribution, Transfection

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