Jørgen Frøkiær

Epidermal growth factor and monocyte chemotactic peptide-1: Potential biomarkers of urinary tract obstruction in children with hydronephrosis

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OBJECTIVE: Hydronephrosis is diagnosed in 0.5% of all newborns, and ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a common cause. The aim of this study was to test whether specific urinary cytokines can be used as UPJO biomarkers in children with hydronephrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight children referred for pyeloplasty due to UPJO and 13 controls were included in this prospective study. Kidney function was assessed and urine samples collected pre-, peri-, and post-operatively. Urine levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF), monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 (MCP-1), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), interferon-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), and RANTES were measured simultaneously by using a bead-based multiplex sandwich immunoassay. RESULTS: In hydronephrotic children, preoperative urine levels were significantly increased for EGF (median 7.4 [1.2-60.2] vs. median 4.0 [1.2-13.8] ng/mg creatinine) and MCP-1 (median 136.9 [47.7-545.5] vs. median 80.1 [28.8-149.9] pg/mg creatinine) compared to those of controls. Urine levels of EGF and MCP-1 were identical to controls at the postoperative 1-year follow-up exam. CONCLUSION: Urine levels of EGF and MCP-1 were preoperatively increased and postoperatively normalized. This study demonstrates that urine-excreted kidney cytokines may be potential biomarkers of obstruction in children with hydronephrosis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pediatric Urology
Issue6 (Part A)
Pages (from-to)838–845
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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