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Jørgen Frøkiær

COX-2 inhibition prevents downregulation of key renal water and sodium transport proteins in response to bilateral ureteral obstruction

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  • Department of Anatomy
  • Biomedical Radio Isotope Techniques
Bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO) is associated with marked changes in the expression of renal aquaporins (AQPs) and sodium transport proteins. To examine the role of prostaglandin in this response, we investigated whether 24-h BUO changed the expression of cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and -2) in the kidney and tested the effect of the selective COX-2 inhibitor parecoxib (5 mg.kg(-1).day(-1) via osmotic minipumps) on AQPs and sodium transport. Sham and BUO kidneys were analyzed by semiquantitative immunoblotting, and a subset of kidneys was perfusion fixed for immunocytochemistry. BUO caused a significant 14-fold induction of inner medullary COX-2 (14.40 +/- 1.8 vs. 1.0 +/- 0.4, n = 6; P < 0.0001) and a reduction in medullary tissue osmolality, whereas COX-1 did not change. Immunohistochemistry confirmed increased COX-2 labeling associated with medullary interstitial cells. COX isoforms did not change in cortex/outer medulla after 24-h BUO. In BUO kidneys, inner medullary AQP2 expression was reduced, and this decrease was prevented by parecoxib. In the inner stripe of outer medulla, the type 3 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE3) and apical Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter (BSC-1) were significantly reduced by BUO, and this decrease was significantly attenuated by parecoxib. Immunohistochemistry for AQP2, NHE3, and BSC-1 confirmed the effect of parecoxib. Parecoxib had no significant effect on the Na-K-ATPase alpha(1)-subunit, type II Na-P(i) cotransporter, or AQP3. In conclusion, acute BUO leads to marked upregulation of COX-2 in inner medulla and selective COX-2 inhibition prevents dysregulation of AQP2, BSC-1, and NHE3 in response to BUO. These data indicate that COX-2 may be an important factor contributing to the impaired renal water and sodium handling in response to BUO.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Renal Physiology
Pages (from-to)F322-33
Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Research areas

  • Animals, Aquaporins, Carrier Proteins, Creatinine, Cyclooxygenase 1, Cyclooxygenase 2, Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors, Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors, DNA, Complementary, Dinoprostone, Down-Regulation, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Hormones, Immunoblotting, Immunohistochemistry, Kidney, Male, Membrane Proteins, Organ Size, Osmolar Concentration, Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sodium, Ureteral Obstruction, Water-Electrolyte Balance

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