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Jesper Frøkjær Sørensen

Predictive Minds in Ouija Board Sessions

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Predictive Minds in Ouija Board Sessions. / Andersen, Marc Malmdorf; Nielbo, Kristoffer Laigaard; Schjødt, Uffe; Pfeiffer, Thies; Roepstorff, Andreas; Sørensen, Jesper.

In: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 3, 07.2019, p. 577-588.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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APA

CBE

MLA

Andersen, Marc Malmdorf et al. "Predictive Minds in Ouija Board Sessions". Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. 2019, 18(3). 577-588. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11097-018-9585-8

Vancouver

Author

Andersen, Marc Malmdorf ; Nielbo, Kristoffer Laigaard ; Schjødt, Uffe ; Pfeiffer, Thies ; Roepstorff, Andreas ; Sørensen, Jesper. / Predictive Minds in Ouija Board Sessions. In: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 577-588.

Bibtex

@article{62feeaa3d03543408937dc9cc30cb25c,
title = "Predictive Minds in Ouija Board Sessions",
abstract = "Ouija board sessions are illustrious examples of how subjective feelings of control – the Sense of Agency (SoA) - can be manipulated in real life settings. We present findings from a field experiment at a paranormal conference, where Ouija enthusiasts were equipped with eye trackers while using the Ouija board. Our results show that participants have a significantly lower probability at visually predicting letters in a Ouija board session compared to a condition in which they are instructed to deliberately spell out words with the Ouija board planchette. Our results also show that Ouija board believers report lower SoA compared to sceptic participants. These results support previous research which claim that low sense of agency is caused by a combination of retrospective inference and an inhibition of predictive processes. Our results show that users in Ouija board sessions become increasingly better at predicting letters as responses unfold over time, and that meaningful responses from the Ouija board can only be accounted for when considering interactions that goes on at the participant pair level. These results suggest that meaningful responses from the Ouija board may be an emergent property of interacting and predicting minds that increasingly impose structure on initially random events in Ouija sessions.",
keywords = "Sense of agency, Ouija board, Predictive minds, Eye tracking, Religious and paranormal belief, Eye tracking, Ouija board, Predictive minds, Religious and paranormal belief, Sense of agency",
author = "Andersen, {Marc Malmdorf} and Nielbo, {Kristoffer Laigaard} and Uffe Schj{\o}dt and Thies Pfeiffer and Andreas Roepstorff and Jesper S{\o}rensen",
year = "2019",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1007/s11097-018-9585-8",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "577--588",
journal = "Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences",
issn = "1568-7759",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictive Minds in Ouija Board Sessions

AU - Andersen, Marc Malmdorf

AU - Nielbo, Kristoffer Laigaard

AU - Schjødt, Uffe

AU - Pfeiffer, Thies

AU - Roepstorff, Andreas

AU - Sørensen, Jesper

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Ouija board sessions are illustrious examples of how subjective feelings of control – the Sense of Agency (SoA) - can be manipulated in real life settings. We present findings from a field experiment at a paranormal conference, where Ouija enthusiasts were equipped with eye trackers while using the Ouija board. Our results show that participants have a significantly lower probability at visually predicting letters in a Ouija board session compared to a condition in which they are instructed to deliberately spell out words with the Ouija board planchette. Our results also show that Ouija board believers report lower SoA compared to sceptic participants. These results support previous research which claim that low sense of agency is caused by a combination of retrospective inference and an inhibition of predictive processes. Our results show that users in Ouija board sessions become increasingly better at predicting letters as responses unfold over time, and that meaningful responses from the Ouija board can only be accounted for when considering interactions that goes on at the participant pair level. These results suggest that meaningful responses from the Ouija board may be an emergent property of interacting and predicting minds that increasingly impose structure on initially random events in Ouija sessions.

AB - Ouija board sessions are illustrious examples of how subjective feelings of control – the Sense of Agency (SoA) - can be manipulated in real life settings. We present findings from a field experiment at a paranormal conference, where Ouija enthusiasts were equipped with eye trackers while using the Ouija board. Our results show that participants have a significantly lower probability at visually predicting letters in a Ouija board session compared to a condition in which they are instructed to deliberately spell out words with the Ouija board planchette. Our results also show that Ouija board believers report lower SoA compared to sceptic participants. These results support previous research which claim that low sense of agency is caused by a combination of retrospective inference and an inhibition of predictive processes. Our results show that users in Ouija board sessions become increasingly better at predicting letters as responses unfold over time, and that meaningful responses from the Ouija board can only be accounted for when considering interactions that goes on at the participant pair level. These results suggest that meaningful responses from the Ouija board may be an emergent property of interacting and predicting minds that increasingly impose structure on initially random events in Ouija sessions.

KW - Sense of agency

KW - Ouija board

KW - Predictive minds

KW - Eye tracking

KW - Religious and paranormal belief

KW - Eye tracking

KW - Ouija board

KW - Predictive minds

KW - Religious and paranormal belief

KW - Sense of agency

U2 - 10.1007/s11097-018-9585-8

DO - 10.1007/s11097-018-9585-8

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

SP - 577

EP - 588

JO - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences

JF - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences

SN - 1568-7759

IS - 3

ER -

4676 / i33