Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Jesper Frøkjær Sørensen

Attentional Resource Allocation and Cultural Modulation in a Computational Model of Ritualized Behavior

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Attentional Resource Allocation and Cultural Modulation in a Computational Model of Ritualized Behavior. / Nielbo, Kristoffer Laigaard; Sørensen, Jesper.

In: Religion, Brain, and Behavior, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2016, p. 318-335 .

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{1ea568f4e70b477595f82599f98879d2,
title = "Attentional Resource Allocation and Cultural Modulation in a Computational Model of Ritualized Behavior",
abstract = "How do cultural and religious rituals influence human perception and cognition, and what separates the highly patterned behaviors of communal ceremonies from perceptually similar precautionary and compulsive behaviors? These are some of the questions that recent theoretical models and empirical studies have tried to answer by focusing on ritualized behavior instead of ritual. Ritualized behavior (i.e., a set of behavioral features embedded in rituals) increases attention to detail and induces cognitive resource depletion, which together support distinct modes of action categorization. While ritualized behaviors are perceptually similar across a range of behavioral domains, symbolically mediated experience-dependent information (so-called cultural priors) modulate perception such that communal ceremonies appear coherent and culturally meaningful, while compulsive behaviors remain incoherent and, in some cases, pathological.In this study, we extend a qualitative model of human action perception and understanding to include ritualized behavior. Based on previous experimental and computational studies, the model was simulated using instrumental and ritualized representations of realistic motor patterns and the simulation data were subjected to linear and non-linear analysis. The results are used to exemplify how action perception of ritualized behavior a) might influence allocation of attentional resources; and b) can be modulated by cultural priors. Further explorations of the model show why behavioral experiments might fail to capture modulation effects of cultural priors and that cultural priors in general reduce the chaoticity of time dependent action processing. ",
keywords = "Rituals, Ritualized Behavior, Simulation, Action understanding, Expectation modulation",
author = "Nielbo, {Kristoffer Laigaard} and Jesper S{\o}rensen",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1080/2153599X.2015.1087420",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "318--335 ",
journal = "Religion, Brain, and Behavior",
issn = "2153-599X",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attentional Resource Allocation and Cultural Modulation in a Computational Model of Ritualized Behavior

AU - Nielbo, Kristoffer Laigaard

AU - Sørensen, Jesper

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - How do cultural and religious rituals influence human perception and cognition, and what separates the highly patterned behaviors of communal ceremonies from perceptually similar precautionary and compulsive behaviors? These are some of the questions that recent theoretical models and empirical studies have tried to answer by focusing on ritualized behavior instead of ritual. Ritualized behavior (i.e., a set of behavioral features embedded in rituals) increases attention to detail and induces cognitive resource depletion, which together support distinct modes of action categorization. While ritualized behaviors are perceptually similar across a range of behavioral domains, symbolically mediated experience-dependent information (so-called cultural priors) modulate perception such that communal ceremonies appear coherent and culturally meaningful, while compulsive behaviors remain incoherent and, in some cases, pathological.In this study, we extend a qualitative model of human action perception and understanding to include ritualized behavior. Based on previous experimental and computational studies, the model was simulated using instrumental and ritualized representations of realistic motor patterns and the simulation data were subjected to linear and non-linear analysis. The results are used to exemplify how action perception of ritualized behavior a) might influence allocation of attentional resources; and b) can be modulated by cultural priors. Further explorations of the model show why behavioral experiments might fail to capture modulation effects of cultural priors and that cultural priors in general reduce the chaoticity of time dependent action processing.

AB - How do cultural and religious rituals influence human perception and cognition, and what separates the highly patterned behaviors of communal ceremonies from perceptually similar precautionary and compulsive behaviors? These are some of the questions that recent theoretical models and empirical studies have tried to answer by focusing on ritualized behavior instead of ritual. Ritualized behavior (i.e., a set of behavioral features embedded in rituals) increases attention to detail and induces cognitive resource depletion, which together support distinct modes of action categorization. While ritualized behaviors are perceptually similar across a range of behavioral domains, symbolically mediated experience-dependent information (so-called cultural priors) modulate perception such that communal ceremonies appear coherent and culturally meaningful, while compulsive behaviors remain incoherent and, in some cases, pathological.In this study, we extend a qualitative model of human action perception and understanding to include ritualized behavior. Based on previous experimental and computational studies, the model was simulated using instrumental and ritualized representations of realistic motor patterns and the simulation data were subjected to linear and non-linear analysis. The results are used to exemplify how action perception of ritualized behavior a) might influence allocation of attentional resources; and b) can be modulated by cultural priors. Further explorations of the model show why behavioral experiments might fail to capture modulation effects of cultural priors and that cultural priors in general reduce the chaoticity of time dependent action processing.

KW - Rituals

KW - Ritualized Behavior

KW - Simulation

KW - Action understanding

KW - Expectation modulation

U2 - 10.1080/2153599X.2015.1087420

DO - 10.1080/2153599X.2015.1087420

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

SP - 318

EP - 335

JO - Religion, Brain, and Behavior

JF - Religion, Brain, and Behavior

SN - 2153-599X

IS - 4

ER -

994 / i29