Jens Randel Nyengaard

Vectors for Expression of Signal Peptide-Dependent Proteins in Baculovirus/Insect Cell Systems and Their Application to Expression and Purification of the High-Affinity Immunoglobulin Gamma Fc Receptor I in Complex with Its Gamma Chain

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Integral membrane proteins play a central role in various cellular functions and are important therapeutic targets. However, technical challenges in the overexpression and purification of membrane proteins often represent a limiting factor for biochemical and structural studies. Here, we constructed a set of vectors, derivatives of MultiBac vectors that can be used to express proteins with a cleavable N-terminal signal peptide in insect cells. We propose these vectors for expression of type I membrane proteins and other secretory pathway proteins that require the signal recognition particle for translocation to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The vectors code for N-terminal and C-terminal affinity tags including 3 × FLAG and Twin-Strep, which represent tags compatible with efficient translocation to the ER as well as with purification under mild conditions that preserve protein structure and function. As a model, we used our system to express and purify the engineered high-affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor I (CD64) in complex with its gamma subunit (γ-chain). We demonstrate that CD64 expressed in complex with the γ-chain is functional in immunoglobulin G (IgG) binding. The sedimentation of CD64 in complex with IgG suggests individual CD64/IgG complexes in addition to formation of high-molecular weight complexes. In summary, our vectors can be used as a tool for expression of membrane proteins, other secretory pathway proteins and their protein complexes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Biotechnology
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

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