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Jens Randel Nyengaard

Automatic sampling for unbiased and efficient stereological estimation using the proportionator in biological studies

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  • Forskningsområdet, Sundhedsvidenskab
  • Stereological Research Laboratory
Quantification of tissue properties is improved using the general proportionator sampling and estimation procedure: automatic image analysis and non-uniform sampling with probability proportional to size (PPS). The complete region of interest is partitioned into fields of view, and every field of view is given a weight (the size) proportional to the total amount of requested image analysis features in it. The fields of view sampled with known probabilities proportional to individual weight are the only ones seen by the observer who provides the correct count. Even though the image analysis and feature detection is clearly biased, the estimator is strictly unbiased. The proportionator is compared to the commonly applied sampling technique (systematic uniform random sampling in 2D space or so-called meander sampling) using three biological examples: estimating total number of granule cells in rat cerebellum, total number of orexin positive neurons in transgenic mice brain, and estimating the absolute area and the areal fraction of beta islet cells in dog pancreas. The proportionator was at least eight times more efficient (precision and time combined) than traditional computer controlled sampling.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Microscopy
IssuePt 1
Pages (from-to)108-20
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Research areas

  • Animals, Automation, Biometry, Brain, Cell Count, Cerebellum, Dogs, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Pancreas, Rats, Specimen Handling

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