Jens Christian Jensenius

The human natural anti-αGal antibody targets common pathogens by broad-spectrum polyreactivity

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The human natural anti-αGal antibody targets common pathogens by broad-spectrum polyreactivity. / Bernth Jensen, Jens Magnus; Skeldal, Sune; Petersen, Mikkel Steen; Møller, Bjarne Kuno; Hoffmann, Steen; Jensenius, Jens Christian; Sørensen, Uffe B Skov; Thiel, Steffen.

In: Immunology, Vol. 162, No. 4, 04.2021, p. 434-451.

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@article{f33b27fce2ae496480bcb3f3823d45ef,
title = "The human natural anti-αGal antibody targets common pathogens by broad-spectrum polyreactivity",
abstract = "Naturally occurring antibodies are abundant in human plasma, but their importance in the defense against bacterial pathogens is unclear. We studied the role of the most abundant of such antibodies, the antibody against terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose (anti-αGal), in the protection against pneumococcal infections (Streptococcus pneumonia). All known pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides lack terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose, yet highly purified human anti-αGal antibody of the IgG class reacted with 48 of 91 pneumococcal serotypes. Anti-αGal was found to contain multiple antibody subsets that possess distinct specificities beyond their general reactivity with terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose. These subsets in concert targeted a wide range of microbial polysaccharides. We found that anti-αGal constituted up to 40% of the total antibody reactivity to pneumococci in normal human plasma, that anti-αGal drives phagocytosis of pneumococci by human neutrophils, and that the anti-αGal level was 2-fold lower in patients prone to pneumococcal infections compared to controls. Moreover, during a 48-year period in Denmark, the 48 anti-αGal-reactive serotypes caused fewer invasive pneumococcal infections (n = 10,927) than the 43 non-reactive serotypes (n = 18,107), supporting protection on the population level. Our findings explain the broad-spectrum pathogen reactivity of anti-αGal and support that these naturally occurring polyreactive antibodies contribute significantly to human protective immunity.",
author = "{Bernth Jensen}, {Jens Magnus} and Sune Skeldal and Petersen, {Mikkel Steen} and M{\o}ller, {Bjarne Kuno} and Steen Hoffmann and Jensenius, {Jens Christian} and S{\o}rensen, {Uffe B Skov} and Steffen Thiel",
note = "This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1111/imm.13297",
language = "English",
volume = "162",
pages = "434--451",
journal = "Immunology",
issn = "0019-2805",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The human natural anti-αGal antibody targets common pathogens by broad-spectrum polyreactivity

AU - Bernth Jensen, Jens Magnus

AU - Skeldal, Sune

AU - Petersen, Mikkel Steen

AU - Møller, Bjarne Kuno

AU - Hoffmann, Steen

AU - Jensenius, Jens Christian

AU - Sørensen, Uffe B Skov

AU - Thiel, Steffen

N1 - This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/4

Y1 - 2021/4

N2 - Naturally occurring antibodies are abundant in human plasma, but their importance in the defense against bacterial pathogens is unclear. We studied the role of the most abundant of such antibodies, the antibody against terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose (anti-αGal), in the protection against pneumococcal infections (Streptococcus pneumonia). All known pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides lack terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose, yet highly purified human anti-αGal antibody of the IgG class reacted with 48 of 91 pneumococcal serotypes. Anti-αGal was found to contain multiple antibody subsets that possess distinct specificities beyond their general reactivity with terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose. These subsets in concert targeted a wide range of microbial polysaccharides. We found that anti-αGal constituted up to 40% of the total antibody reactivity to pneumococci in normal human plasma, that anti-αGal drives phagocytosis of pneumococci by human neutrophils, and that the anti-αGal level was 2-fold lower in patients prone to pneumococcal infections compared to controls. Moreover, during a 48-year period in Denmark, the 48 anti-αGal-reactive serotypes caused fewer invasive pneumococcal infections (n = 10,927) than the 43 non-reactive serotypes (n = 18,107), supporting protection on the population level. Our findings explain the broad-spectrum pathogen reactivity of anti-αGal and support that these naturally occurring polyreactive antibodies contribute significantly to human protective immunity.

AB - Naturally occurring antibodies are abundant in human plasma, but their importance in the defense against bacterial pathogens is unclear. We studied the role of the most abundant of such antibodies, the antibody against terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose (anti-αGal), in the protection against pneumococcal infections (Streptococcus pneumonia). All known pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides lack terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose, yet highly purified human anti-αGal antibody of the IgG class reacted with 48 of 91 pneumococcal serotypes. Anti-αGal was found to contain multiple antibody subsets that possess distinct specificities beyond their general reactivity with terminal galactose-α-1,3-galactose. These subsets in concert targeted a wide range of microbial polysaccharides. We found that anti-αGal constituted up to 40% of the total antibody reactivity to pneumococci in normal human plasma, that anti-αGal drives phagocytosis of pneumococci by human neutrophils, and that the anti-αGal level was 2-fold lower in patients prone to pneumococcal infections compared to controls. Moreover, during a 48-year period in Denmark, the 48 anti-αGal-reactive serotypes caused fewer invasive pneumococcal infections (n = 10,927) than the 43 non-reactive serotypes (n = 18,107), supporting protection on the population level. Our findings explain the broad-spectrum pathogen reactivity of anti-αGal and support that these naturally occurring polyreactive antibodies contribute significantly to human protective immunity.

U2 - 10.1111/imm.13297

DO - 10.1111/imm.13297

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33340093

VL - 162

SP - 434

EP - 451

JO - Immunology

JF - Immunology

SN - 0019-2805

IS - 4

ER -