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Jens Christian Jensenius

The attachment of serum- and plasma-derived C3 to solid-phase immune aggregates and its relation to complement-mediated solubilization of immune complexes

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The interaction between immune aggregates and complement (C) was investigated. Solid-phase immune aggregates were prepared by coating microwells with heat-aggregated bovine serum albumin (BSA) followed by rabbit anti-BSA antibody. The immune aggregates were reacted with human serum or citrated plasma at 37 degrees C. The binding of C3 components was investigated with biotinylated F(ab')2 antibodies to C3c and C3d and avidin-coupled alkaline phosphatase. The form of the incorporated C3, whether C3b-iC3b or C3dg, can be deduced from the response with these two antibodies. The maximal binding of C3b-iC3b to the immune aggregates was observed within 5 min of incubation with serum or citrated plasma. The conversion to C3dg was evident by a decrease in bound anti-C3c concomitant with increasing anti-C3d reactivity within about 10 min of incubation. When the classical C pathway activation was inhibited, the binding of C3b-iC3b was delayed by 20-30 min, whereas stopping of the alternative pathway did not influence the initial kinetics of the reaction. The addition of human red blood cells had no measurable influence on the degradation of bound C3b-iC3b. 125I-labelled anti-BSA antibody bound to the solid-phase BSA was not released during the C3 incorporation. The incorporation of C3b into the immune aggregates was mediated equally well by serum and by citrated plasma. The incorporation of C3b-iC3b into immune complexes (IC) is thought to be responsible for the C-mediated solubilization (CMS) of IC. Citrated plasma, however, exerted no CMS capacity when measured by a radiometric assay. The CMS capacity of serum was inhibited by citrate, but could then be restored by adding Ca2+ and Mg2+, whereas no CMS could be demonstrated with citrated plasma to which divalent metal ions were added.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume23
Issue4
Pages (from-to)397-406
Number of pages10
ISSN0300-9475
Publication statusPublished - 1986

    Research areas

  • Antibodies, Antigen-Antibody Complex, Complement C3, Complement C3b, Complement C3c, Complement C3d, Humans, Protein Binding, Solubility

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