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Jens Christian Jensenius

Preparation of antigen-binding monomeric and half-monomeric fragments from human monoclonal IgM antibodies against colorectal cancer-associated antigens

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The large size of human IgM monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) may impede the tumor-localizing capacity. A procedure is described for the preparation of antigen-binding monomeric (IgMm) and half-monomeric (IgM1/2m) fragments from two human IgM MAbs, COU-1 and D4213. The fragments retained binding activity against colon carcinoma. Six different reducing reagents (dithiothreitol, 2-mercaptoethanol, 2-mercaptoethylamine, L-cysteine, metabisulphite, ascorbic acid) were investigated over a range of concentrations, pHs, and incubation periods. The reduced IgM preparations were alkylated with iodoacetamide and fractionated by high-performance gel permeation chromatography. The fractions were directly collected on ELISA plates coated with extracts of colon cancer cells. Antigen-binding IgMm and IgM1/2m fragments were obtained after treatment with mercaptoethanol, mercaptoethylamine, metabisulphite, and cysteine. IgMm and IgM1/2m fragments were also obtained after dithiothreitol treatment. These fragments were, however, nonreactive. The pH during the reduction was important for optimal yields of the fragments. The fragments obtained with 2-mercaptoethanol and mercaptoethylamine were most effective in binding to the cancer cell extract. The association constants per binding site for intact, monomeric, and half-monomeric COU-1 were by competitive inhibition assays estimated at 1.5 x 10(8) M-1, 3.1 x 10(8) M-1 and 4.0 x 10(6) M-1, respectively. The reduction of human IgM MAbs to IgMm and IgM1/2m fragments may facilitate the tumor localization when these are used in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer patients.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman antibodies and hybridomas
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1993

    Research areas

  • Alkylation, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antibodies, Neoplasm, Antigen-Antibody Reactions, Antigens, Neoplasm, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Colorectal Neoplasms, Humans, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Immunoglobulin Fragments, Immunoglobulin M, Kinetics, Oxidation-Reduction, Protein Conformation

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