Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Jens Christian Jensenius

Modified cytokeratins expressed on the surface of carcinoma cells undergo endocytosis upon binding of human monoclonal antibody and its recombinant Fab fragment

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • H J Ditzel
  • ,
  • U Garrigues
  • ,
  • C B Andersen
  • ,
  • M K Larsen, Denmark
  • H J Garrigues
  • ,
  • Anja Svejgaard
  • ,
  • I Hellström
  • ,
  • K E Hellström
  • ,
  • Jens Christian Jensenius
Previously, we have reported on successful imaging of colon, rectal, and pancreatic carcinomas in patients by using a radiolabeled all-human monoclonal antibody, COU-1, directed against modified cytokeratin. To further develop this antibody for use as an immunoconjugate, COU-1 was cloned by phage display selection and the human Fab fragment was expressed in bacteria. Analysis by confocal laser scanning microscopy demonstrated that COU-1 bound in a uniform punctate pattern to the surface of viable carcinoma cells stained at 4 degrees C, and binding increased significantly when cells were cultured on fibronectin, laminin, or collagen IV. In the case of fibronectin, COU-1 staining was particularly enhanced at intercellular junctions. When carcinoma cells were cultured with COU-1 at 37 degrees C for 6 hr, the antibody was found in large perinuclear vesicles and the punctate surface staining was significantly reduced. Similar results were obtained using intact IgM COU-1 and the recombinant Fab fragment. Immunohistological studies indicated that COU-1, in contrast to murine monoclonal antibodies against normal cytokeratin 8 and 18, could differentiate between malignant and normal colon epithelia, and between colon cancer metastasis in the liver and surrounding normal hepatocytes. Within biopsies of malignant tissue, COU-1 exhibited membrane-associated staining of proliferating cells, while resting cells had a filamentous pattern. Thus, modified cytokeratin at the surface of carcinoma cells may represent a new target for immunoconjugates and may explain the promising results of the phase I/II clinical study.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Pages (from-to)8110-5
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1997

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Bacteriophages, Binding Sites, Antibody, Cell Line, Colon, Colonic Neoplasms, Endocytosis, Humans, Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments, Intestinal Mucosa, Keratins, Molecular Sequence Data, Recombinant Proteins

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 43925022