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Jens Christian Jensenius

Low concentrations of immunoglobulin G antibodies to Salmonella serogroup C in C2 deficiency: suggestion of a mannan-binding lectin pathway-dependent mechanism

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The influence of complement on immune responses to polysaccharides is debatable. We examined the serum concentrations of IgM and IgG antibody against Salmonella O-antigen specific oligosaccharides representing the serogroups B, C and D, and against capsular polysaccharides of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes 6 and 23 in C2-deficient adults and in healthy controls. A sharp contrast of findings was found for antibodies against the CO antigen, an activator of the mannan-binding lectin (MBL) pathway of complement activation. The C2-deficient group showed normal IgM and markedly low IgG antibody levels. Similar findings were made in adults with low concentrations of MBL. This suggests that the recruitment of classical pathway C3 convertase through the MBL pathway is critically involved in isotype switching of antibodies against MBL pathway activating antigens during immune system maturation. The findings imply a new role of the MBL pathway, and an additional link between innate and acquired immunity. Specific IgM against BO was moderately low in C2 deficiency. Other differences for the Salmonella antigens were not found. Markedly raised IgM antibody levels against pneumococcal polysaccharides in C2 deficiency probably Salmonella reflected past infections. The absence of a concomitant increase of specific IgG might possibly be explained by impaired IgM to IgG switching.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Pages (from-to)555-61
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Research areas

  • Adult, Antibodies, Bacterial, Antibody Specificity, Bacterial Capsules, Carrier Proteins, Collectins, Complement C2, Complement C3-C5 Convertases, Complement Pathway, Classical, Humans, Immunoglobulin Class Switching, Immunoglobulin G, Immunoglobulin Isotypes, Immunoglobulin M, O Antigens, Polysaccharides, Bacterial, Salmonella, Serotyping, Streptococcus pneumoniae

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