Jens Christian Jensenius

Investigation of Complement-activating Pattern Recognition Molecules and Associated Enzymes as Possible Inflammatory Markers in Oligoarticular and Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

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OBJECTIVE: The complement system plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory processes. The lectin pathway of the complement system is activated through the recognition of pathogens by soluble pattern recognition molecules (PRM), i.e., mannan-binding lectin (MBL), collectin-LK, and the ficolins. PRM are reportedly correlated to disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim was to evaluate the pathogenic role of PRM in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).

METHODS: We measured MBL, M-ficolin, H-ficolin, MBL-associated serine proteases (MASP) 1, MASP-2, MASP-3, and 2 alternative splice products, MBL-associated protein (MAp) 44 and MAp19, in plasma and synovial fluid (SF) of children with persistent oligoarticular (n = 109 in plasma, n = 38 in SF) and systemic JIA (n = 19 in plasma, n = 11 in SF). The concentrations of the proteins were measured by in-house time-resolved immunofluorometric assays.

RESULTS: We observed significantly higher levels of M-ficolin, MASP-1, MASP-2, and MASP-3 in plasma and SF from patients with systemic JIA compared with persistent oligoarticular JIA (p < 0.001). In paired samples of plasma and SF from 47 patients with oligoarticular and systemic JIA, we observed higher concentrations in plasma for both subtypes for 7 of the measured proteins while the reverse relationship was observed for MASP-3. M-ficolin and MASP-2 correlated to erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, and platelet count (p < 0.001). M-ficolin was in addition related to the number of active joints and inversely related to hemoglobin levels.

CONCLUSION: Our results point to plasma M-ficolin and MASP-2 as inflammatory markers in JIA. The levels of all proteins are higher in plasma than in SF, except for MASP-3, indicating that MASP-3 may be produced locally in joints.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume42
Issue7
Pages (from-to)1252-8
Number of pages7
ISSN0315-162X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

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