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Jens Christian Jensenius

Comparative study of the structural and functional properties of a bovine plasma C-type lectin, collectin-43, with other collectins

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  • Uffe Laurits Holmskov
  • ,
  • Simon Laursen
  • ,
  • R Malhotra
  • ,
  • H Wiedemann
  • ,
  • R Timpl
  • ,
  • G R Stuart
  • ,
  • Ida Tornøe
  • ,
  • P S Madsen, Denmark
  • K B Reid
  • ,
  • Jens Christian Jensenius
Collectin-43 (CL-43) is a recently described bovine plasma protein containing both collagenous regions and C-type-lectin domains [Holmskov, Teisner, Willis, Reid and Jensenius (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 10120-10125; Lim, Willis, Reid, Lu, Laursen, Jensenius and Holmskov (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 11820-11824]. CL-43 was purified by affinity chromatography on mannan-Sepharose. On SDS/PAGE under reducing conditions the purified lectin showed a double band at about 43 kDa, with the upper band representing the intact molecule and the lower band a truncated form that lacked the N-terminal nine amino acid residues. Under non-reducing conditions, only one band was seen at 120 kDa. Analytical gel chromatography and sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation of the purified molecule, showed a Stokes radius of 9.1 +/- 0.3 nm (91 +/- 3 A) and a sedimentation coefficient (s20,w) of 3.6 +/- 0.1 S. These values correspond to a molecular mass of 119-138 kDa under non-denaturing condition in solution. The frictional coefficient (f/f0) was 2.7, indicating extreme elongation due to the collagenous segment. Only monomer subunits, with 37.4 +/- 1.7-nm-long rods, were seen by electron microscopy. These findings indicate that CL-43, in contrast with the other circulating collectins, is found only as a single subunit composed of three polypeptide chains. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that CL-43 has two isoforms, with pI values of 4.9 and 5.3, corresponding to the native form and the truncated form of the molecule respectively. CL-43, like conglutinin, lung surfactant protein A and mannan-binding protein (MBP), was shown to bind to the collectin receptor. Bovine MBP caused the activation of the complement system as revealed by the deposition of complement component C4 upon incubation of diluted serum in wells containing MBP bound to solid-phase mannan. CL-43, lung surfactant protein D (SP-D) and conglutinin showed no complement-activating properties under the same conditions. Conglutinin binds fluid- and solid-phase iC3b, while CL-43 and MBP do not show such reactivity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume305 ( Pt 3)
Pages (from-to)889-96
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Research areas

  • Animals, Carrier Proteins, Cattle, Centrifugation, Density Gradient, Chemistry, Physical, Chromatography, Chromatography, Affinity, Collectins, Complement Activation, Complement C3b, Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional, Isoelectric Point, Lectins, Microscopy, Electron, Molecular Weight, Physicochemical Phenomena, Proteolipids, Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Proteins, Pulmonary Surfactants, Receptors, Cell Surface, Serum Globulins

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