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Jens Christian Jensenius

Collectin in a non-mammalian species: isolation and characterization of mannan-binding protein (MBP) from chicken serum

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  • Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
A chicken serum lectin was isolated by affinity chromatography on TSK-75 beads derivatized with the monosaccharide N-acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc). Serum was applied to the column in a Ca(2+)-containing buffer and proteins were eluted with EDTA. After recalcification, the eluate was passed through a new ManNAc-derivatized column. Bound proteins were eluted with 50 mM ManNAc. Anti-carbohydrate antibodies present in the eluate were removed by passage through a rabbit anti-chicken immunoglobulin derivatized column, and the lectin was further purified by ion-exchange chromatography and gel-permeation chromatography. The purified chicken lectin shows an overall structure similar to mammalian mannan-binding protein (MBP). SDS-PAGE revealed two polypeptides of M(r) 33 and 34 kDa (reduced) with identical sequence for the first 30 NH2-terminal residues. The NH2-terminal sequence shows 43% identity with the human MBP. Like mammalian MBP, the polypeptides of the chicken lectin are degraded by treatment with collagenase. Residues 26-30 (G-L-P(OH)-G-D) are likely to represent the beginning of the collagenous region. Mobilities on SDS-PAGE of the COOH-terminal collagenase-resistant fragment under reduced and non-reduced conditions indicate the presence of intrachain disulphide bonds, as are also found in mammalian MBP. Gel chromatography showed an intact mol. wt of 750 kDa. Binding of the chicken MBP to mannan was inhibited by monosaccharides in the following order of potency: ManNAc > L-fucose > mannose > N-acetylglucosamine. Other monosaccharides inhibited poorly or not at all. Chicken MBP, bound to mannan, activated the classical complement pathway in human serum. Electron micrographs show structures and dimensions resembling human MBP. Overall, the results show that the purified lectin is the chicken homologue to mammalian MBP and indicate the presence of a MBP-like clearance system outside mammals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-61
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1995

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Amino Acids, Animals, Carrier Proteins, Chickens, Chromatography, Gel, Chromatography, Ion Exchange, Collectins, Complement Activation, Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional, Glycosylation, Humans, Mannans, Microscopy, Electron, Molecular Sequence Data, Monosaccharides, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid

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