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Jens Christian Jensenius

Cancer-associated cleavage of cytokeratin 8/18 heterotypic complexes exposes a neoepitope in human adenocarcinomas

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The intermediate filament network in simple glandular epithelial cells predominantly consists of heterotypic complexes of cytokeratin 8 (K8) and cytokeratin 18 (K18). In contrast to other cytokeratins, K8 and K18 are persistently expressed during malignant transformation, but changes in cell morphology are accompanied by alterations in the intermediate filament network. To study molecular changes, K8 and K18 were purified from surgically removed colon cancer and normal epithelia tissues. Western blotting and amino acid sequencing revealed the presence of abundant K8 and K18 fragments, truncated at the N terminus, from cancerous, but not normal, epithelial cells. The fragmentation pattern indicates proteolysis mediated by several enzymes, including trypsin-like enzymes. The cancer-associated forms of K8 and K18 are specifically recognized by the human antibody, COU-1, cloned from the B cells of a cancer patient. We demonstrate that COU-1 recognizes a unique conformational epitope presented only by a complex between K8 and K18. The epitope is revealed after proteolytic removal of the head domain of either K8 or K18. A large panel of recombinant K8 and K18 fragments, deleted N- or C-terminally, allowed for the localization of the COU-1 epitope to the N-terminal part of the rod domains. Using surface plasmon resonance, the affinity of COU-1 for this epitope was determined to be 10(9) x m(-1), i.e. more than 2 orders of magnitude higher than for intact heterotypic K8/K18 complexes. The cellular distribution of truncated K8/K18 heterotypic complexes in viable adenocarcinomas cells was probed using COU-1 showing small fibrillar structures distinct from those of intact K8/K18 complexes. Previously we demonstrated the binding and subsequent internalization of recombinant Fab COU-1 to live cancer cells. We have thus characterized a cancer neoepitope recognized by the humoral immune system. The results have biological as well as clinical implications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue24
Pages (from-to)21712-22
Number of pages11
ISSN0021-9258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Research areas

  • Adenocarcinoma, Amino Acid Sequence, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Blotting, Western, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Epitopes, Gene Deletion, Humans, Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments, Keratins, Microscopy, Confocal, Models, Biological, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Recombinant Proteins, Surface Plasmon Resonance, Temperature, Tumor Cells, Cultured

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