Jacob Lund Orquin

Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation. / Stojić, Hrvoje; Orquin, Jacob L.; Dayan, Peter; Dolan, Raymond J.; Speekenbrink, Maarten.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 117, No. 6, 2020, p. 3291-3300.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Stojić, H, Orquin, JL, Dayan, P, Dolan, RJ & Speekenbrink, M 2020, 'Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 117, no. 6, pp. 3291-3300. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911348117

APA

Stojić, H., Orquin, J. L., Dayan, P., Dolan, R. J., & Speekenbrink, M. (2020). Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(6), 3291-3300. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911348117

CBE

Stojić H, Orquin JL, Dayan P, Dolan RJ, Speekenbrink M. 2020. Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 117(6):3291-3300. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911348117

MLA

Stojić, Hrvoje et al. "Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2020, 117(6). 3291-3300. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911348117

Vancouver

Stojić H, Orquin JL, Dayan P, Dolan RJ, Speekenbrink M. Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2020;117(6):3291-3300. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911348117

Author

Stojić, Hrvoje ; Orquin, Jacob L. ; Dayan, Peter ; Dolan, Raymond J. ; Speekenbrink, Maarten. / Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2020 ; Vol. 117, No. 6. pp. 3291-3300.

Bibtex

@article{bddcf5f579ea498aaf14ea0365f1535f,
title = "Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation",
abstract = "Uncertainty plays a critical role in reinforcement learning and decision making. However, exactly how it influences behavior remains unclear. Multiarmed-bandit tasks offer an ideal test bed, since computational tools such as approximate Kalman filters can closely characterize the interplay between trial-by-trial values, uncertainty, learning, and choice. To gain additional insight into learning and choice processes, we obtained data from subjects{\textquoteright} overt allocation of gaze. The estimated value and estimation uncertainty of options influenced what subjects looked at before choosing; these same quantities also influenced choice, as additionally did fixation itself. A momentary measure of uncertainty in the form of absolute prediction errors determined how long participants looked at the obtained outcomes. These findings affirm the importance of uncertainty in multiple facets of behavior and help delineate its effects on decision making.",
keywords = "Decision making, Exploration–exploitation, Reinforcement learning, Uncertainty, Visual fixation",
author = "Hrvoje Stoji{\'c} and Orquin, {Jacob L.} and Peter Dayan and Dolan, {Raymond J.} and Maarten Speekenbrink",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1911348117",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "3291--3300",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Uncertainty in learning, choice, and visual fixation

AU - Stojić, Hrvoje

AU - Orquin, Jacob L.

AU - Dayan, Peter

AU - Dolan, Raymond J.

AU - Speekenbrink, Maarten

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Uncertainty plays a critical role in reinforcement learning and decision making. However, exactly how it influences behavior remains unclear. Multiarmed-bandit tasks offer an ideal test bed, since computational tools such as approximate Kalman filters can closely characterize the interplay between trial-by-trial values, uncertainty, learning, and choice. To gain additional insight into learning and choice processes, we obtained data from subjects’ overt allocation of gaze. The estimated value and estimation uncertainty of options influenced what subjects looked at before choosing; these same quantities also influenced choice, as additionally did fixation itself. A momentary measure of uncertainty in the form of absolute prediction errors determined how long participants looked at the obtained outcomes. These findings affirm the importance of uncertainty in multiple facets of behavior and help delineate its effects on decision making.

AB - Uncertainty plays a critical role in reinforcement learning and decision making. However, exactly how it influences behavior remains unclear. Multiarmed-bandit tasks offer an ideal test bed, since computational tools such as approximate Kalman filters can closely characterize the interplay between trial-by-trial values, uncertainty, learning, and choice. To gain additional insight into learning and choice processes, we obtained data from subjects’ overt allocation of gaze. The estimated value and estimation uncertainty of options influenced what subjects looked at before choosing; these same quantities also influenced choice, as additionally did fixation itself. A momentary measure of uncertainty in the form of absolute prediction errors determined how long participants looked at the obtained outcomes. These findings affirm the importance of uncertainty in multiple facets of behavior and help delineate its effects on decision making.

KW - Decision making

KW - Exploration–exploitation

KW - Reinforcement learning

KW - Uncertainty

KW - Visual fixation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85079327354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1911348117

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1911348117

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31980535

AN - SCOPUS:85079327354

VL - 117

SP - 3291

EP - 3300

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 6

ER -