Department of Biology

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Henrik Balslev

The global abundance of tree palms

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

DOI

  • Robert Muscarella, Uppsala University
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  • Thaise Emilio, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Oliver L. Phillips, University of Leeds
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  • Simon L. Lewis, University of Leeds, University College London
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  • Ferry Slik, University of Brunei Darussalam
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  • William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Thomas L.P. Couvreur, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Wolf L. Eiserhardt
  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Ghana Forestry Commission
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  • Shin Ichiro Aiba, Hokkaido University
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  • Everton C. de Almeida, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará
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  • Samuel S. de Almeida, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi
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  • Edmar Almeida de Oliveira, Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso
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  • Esteban Álvarez-Dávila, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia
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  • Luciana F. Alves, University of California at Los Angeles
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  • Carlos Mariano Alvez-Valles, National University of San Marcos
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  • Fabrício Alvim Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
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  • Fernando Alzate Guarin, Universidad de Antioquia
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  • Ana Andrade, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • Luis E.O.C. Aragão, National Institute for Space Research, University of Exeter
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  • Alejandro Araujo Murakami, Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado
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  • Luzmila Arroyo, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno
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  • Peter S. Ashton, Harvard University
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  • Gerardo A.Aymard Corredor, Compensation International Progress S.A., Herbario Universitario (PORT)
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  • Timothy R. Baker, University of Leeds
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  • Plinio Barbosa de Camargo, Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture
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  • Jos Barlow, Lancaster University
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  • Jean François Bastin, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
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  • Natacha Nssi Bengone, ANPN
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  • Erika Berenguer, Lancaster University, University of Oxford
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  • Nicholas Berry, The Landscapes and Livelihoods Group
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  • Lilian Blanc, Centre de Coopération International de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Institute, Goethe University Frankfurt
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  • Damien Bonal, Universite de Lorraine
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  • Frans Bongers, Wageningen University & Research
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  • Matt Bradford, CSIRO
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  • Fabian Brambach, University of Göttingen
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  • Francis Q. Brearley, Manchester Metropolitan University
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  • Steven W. Brewer, Wild Earth Allies Inc.
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  • Jose L.C. Camargo, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • David G. Campbell, Grinnell College
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  • Carolina V. Castilho, Universidade Federal de Roraima
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  • Wendeson Castro, Amazonia Green Landscape Protection and Governance Programme
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  • Damien Catchpole, University of Tasmania
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  • Carlos E. Cerón Martínez, Universidad Central del Ecuador
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  • Shengbin Chen, Chengdu University of Technology
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  • Phourin Chhang, Forest & Wildlife Res Inst
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  • Percival Cho, Forest Department
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  • Wanlop Chutipong, King Mongut's Institute of Technology Thonburi
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  • Connie Clark, Duke University
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  • Murray Collins, University of Edinburgh
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  • James A. Comiskey, United States Geological Survey, Smithsonian Institution
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  • Massiel Nataly Corrales Medina, Universidad Nacional San Agustin de Arequipa
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  • Flávia R.C. Costa, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • Heike Culmsee, German Federal Foundation for the Environment
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  • Heriberto David-Higuita, Universidad de Antioquia
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  • Priya Davidar, Sigur Nature Trust
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  • Jhon del Aguila-Pasquel, Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonia Peruana
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  • Géraldine Derroire, Centre de Coopération International de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
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  • Anthony Di Fiore, University of Texas at Austin
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  • Tran Van Do, Vietnamese Academy of Forest Sciences
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  • Jean Louis Doucet, University of Liege
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  • Aurélie Dourdain, Centre de Coopération International de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
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  • Donald R. Drake, University of Hawaii at Manoa
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  • Andreas Ensslin, University of Bern
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  • Terry Erwin, Smithsonian Institution
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  • Corneille E.N. Ewango, Université de Kisangani
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  • Robert M. Ewers, Imperial College London
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  • Sophie Fauset, University of Plymouth
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  • Ted R. Feldpausch, University of Exeter
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  • Joice Ferreira, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation
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  • Leandro Valle Ferreira, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi
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  • Markus Fischer, University of Bern
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  • Janet Franklin, University of California at Riverside
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  • Gabriella M. Fredriksson, Pro Natura Foundation
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  • Thomas W. Gillespie, University of California at Los Angeles
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  • Martin Gilpin, University of Leeds
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  • Christelle Gonmadje, University of Yaoundé I, National Herbarium
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  • Arachchige Upali Nimal Gunatilleke, University of Peradeniya
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  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem, King Abdulaziz University
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  • Jefferson S. Hall, Smithsonian Institution
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  • Keith C. Hamer, University of Leeds
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  • David J. Harris, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
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  • Rhett D. Harrison, World Agroforestry Centre
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  • Andrew Hector, University of Oxford
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  • Andreas Hemp, University of Bayreuth
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  • Bruno Herault, Centre de Coopération International de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, ?Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny
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  • Carlos Gabriel Hidalgo Pizango, Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonia Peruana
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  • Eurídice N.Honorio Coronado, Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonia Peruana
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  • Wannes Hubau, University of Leeds, Royal Museum for Central Africa
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  • Mohammad Shah Hussain, University of Delhi
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  • Faridah Hanum Ibrahim, Universiti Putra Malaysia
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  • Nobuo Imai, Tokyo University of Agriculture
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  • Carlos A. Joly, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
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  • Shijo Joseph, Kerala University of Fisheries & Ocean Studies
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  • K. Anitha, Rainforest Traditions
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  • Kuswata Kartawinata, Field Museum of Natural History, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia
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  • Justin Kassi, University of Cocody
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  • Timothy J. Killeen, Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado
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  • Kanehiro Kitayama, Kyoto University
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  • Bente Bang Klitgård, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Robert Kooyman, Macquarie University, National Herbarium of New South Wales
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  • Nicolas Labrière, CNRS
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  • Eileen Larney, TEAM, Zoological Society of London
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  • Yves Laumonier, Centre de Coopération International de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
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  • Susan G. Laurance, James Cook University Queensland
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  • William F. Laurance, James Cook University Queensland
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  • Michael J. Lawes, University of KwaZulu-Natal
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  • Aurora Levesley, University of Leeds
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  • Janvier Lisingo, Université de Kisangani
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  • Thomas Lovejoy, George Mason University
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  • Jon C. Lovett, University of Leeds, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Xinghui Lu, Liaocheng University
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  • Anne Mette Lykke
  • William E. Magnusson, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • Ni Putu Diana Mahayani, Gadjah Mada University
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  • Yadvinder Malhi, University of Oxford
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  • Asyraf Mansor, Universiti Sains Malaysia
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  • Jose Luis Marcelo Peña, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Universidade de Sao Paulo
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  • Ben H. Marimon-Junior, UNEMAT State University of Mato Grosso
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  • Andrew R. Marshall, University of the Sunshine Coast, University of York, Flamingo Land
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  • Karina Melgaco, University of Leeds
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  • Casimiro Mendoza Bautista, Universidad Mayor de San Simon
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  • Vianet Mihindou, Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux, Ministère de la Forêt et de l’Environnement
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  • Jérôme Millet, French Agency for Biodiversity
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  • William Milliken, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • D. Mohandass, Novel Research Academy
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  • Abel Lorenzo Monteagudo Mendoza, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco
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  • Badru Mugerwa, Mbarara University of Science and Technology
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  • Hidetoshi Nagamasu, The Kyoto University Museum
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  • Laszlo Nagy, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
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  • Naret Seuaturien, WWF International
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  • Marcelo T. Nascimento, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense
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  • David A. Neill, Universidad Estatal Amazónica
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  • Luiz Menini Neto, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
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  • Rueben Nilus, Forest Research Centre - Sandakan
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  • Mario Percy Núñez Vargas, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco
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  • Eddy Nurtjahya, Universitas Bangka Belitung
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  • R. Nazaré O. de Araújo, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • Onrizal Onrizal, University of North Sumatra
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  • Walter A. Palacios, Universidad Técnica del Norte
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  • Sonia Palacios-Ramos, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
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  • Marc Parren, Wageningen University & Research
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  • Ekananda Paudel, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology
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  • Paulo S. Morandi, Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso
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  • R. Toby Pennington, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, University of Exeter
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  • Georgia Pickavance, University of Leeds
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  • John J. Pipoly, Broward County Parks and Recreation Division
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  • Nigel C.A. Pitman, Field Museum of Natural History
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  • Erny Poedjirahajoe, Gadjah Mada University
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  • Lourens Poorter, Wageningen University & Research
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  • John R. Poulsen, Duke University
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  • P. Rama Chandra Prasad, International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
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  • Adriana Prieto, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
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  • Jean Philippe Puyravaud, Sigur Nature Trust
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  • Lan Qie, University of Lincoln
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  • Carlos A. Quesada, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • Hirma Ramírez-Angulo, Universidad de Los Andes Merida
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  • Jean Claude Razafimahaimodison, Université de Fianarantsoa
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  • Jan Meindert Reitsma, Bureau Waardenburg
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  • Edilson J. Requena-Rojas, Universidad Continental
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  • Zorayda Restrepo Correa, COL-TREE Corporation
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  • Carlos Reynel Rodriguez, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
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  • Anand Roopsind, Boise State University
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  • Francesco Rovero, University of Florence, Museo delle Scienze
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  • Andes Rozak, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia
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  • Agustín Rudas Lleras, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
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  • Ervan Rutishauser, Smithsonian Institution
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  • Gemma Rutten, University of Bern
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  • Ruwan Punchi-Manage, University of Peradeniya
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  • Rafael P. Salomão, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazonia
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  • Hoang Van Sam, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
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  • Swapan Kumar Sarker, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
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  • Manichanh Satdichanh, CAS - Kunming Institute of Botany, World Agroforestry Centre
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  • Juliana Schietti, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • Christine B. Schmitt, University of Bonn, University of Freiburg
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  • Beatriz Schwantes Marimon, UNEMAT State University of Mato Grosso
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  • Feyera Senbeta, Addis Ababa University
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  • Lila Nath Sharma, ForestAction Nepal
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  • Douglas Sheil, Norwegian University of Life Sciences
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  • Rodrigo Sierra, GeoIS
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  • Javier E. Silva-Espejo, Universidad de La Serena
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  • Marcos Silveira, Universidade Federal do Acre
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  • Bonaventure Sonké, University of Yaoundé I
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  • Marc K. Steininger, University of Maryland, College Park
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  • Robert Steinmetz, WWF International
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  • Tariq Stévart, Missouri Botanical Garden
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  • Raman Sukumar, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
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  • Aisha Sultana, University of Delhi
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  • Terry C.H. Sunderland, University of British Columbia, Center for International Forestry Research
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  • Hebbalalu Satyanarayana Suresh, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
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  • Jianwei Tang, CAS - Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden
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  • Edmund Tanner, University of Cambridge
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  • Hans ter Steege, Naturalis National Museum of Natural History, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
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  • John W. Terborgh, University of Florida, James Cook University Queensland
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  • Ida Theilade, University of Copenhagen
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  • Jonathan Timberlake
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  • Armando Torres-Lezama, Universidad de Los Andes Merida
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  • Peter Umunay, Yale University
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  • María Uriarte, Columbia University
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  • Luis Valenzuela Gamarra, Jardín Botánico de Missouri
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  • Martin van de Bult, Doi Tung Development Project
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  • Peter van der Hout, Van der Hout Förestry Consulting
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  • Rodolfo Vasquez Martinez, Herbario Selva Central Oxapampa
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  • Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi
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  • Simone A. Vieira, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
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  • Emilio Vilanova, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management
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  • Jeanneth Villalobos Cayo, Universidad Mayor Real and Pontifical de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca
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  • Ophelia Wang, Northern Arizona University
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  • Campbell O. Webb, University of Alaska Fairbanks
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  • Edward L. Webb, National University of Singapore
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  • Lee White, Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux, Institut de Recherche en Ecologie Tropicale, University of Stirling
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  • Timothy J.S. Whitfeld, University of Minnesota
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  • Serge Wich, Liverpool John Moores University, University of Amsterdam
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  • Simon Willcock, Bangor University
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  • Susan K. Wiser, Landcare Research
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  • Kenneth R. Young, University of Texas at Austin
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  • Rahmad Zakaria, Universiti Sains Malaysia
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  • Runguo Zang, Chinese Academy of Forestry
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  • Charles E. Zartman, National Institute of Amazonian Research
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  • Irié Casimir Zo-Bi, Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny
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  • Henrik Balslev

Aim: Palms are an iconic, diverse and often abundant component of tropical ecosystems that provide many ecosystem services. Being monocots, tree palms are evolutionarily, morphologically and physiologically distinct from other trees, and these differences have important consequences for ecosystem services (e.g., carbon sequestration and storage) and in terms of responses to climate change. We quantified global patterns of tree palm relative abundance to help improve understanding of tropical forests and reduce uncertainty about these ecosystems under climate change. Location: Tropical and subtropical moist forests. Time period: Current. Major taxa studied: Palms (Arecaceae). Methods: We assembled a pantropical dataset of 2,548 forest plots (covering 1,191 ha) and quantified tree palm (i.e., ≥10 cm diameter at breast height) abundance relative to co-occurring non-palm trees. We compared the relative abundance of tree palms across biogeographical realms and tested for associations with palaeoclimate stability, current climate, edaphic conditions and metrics of forest structure. Results: On average, the relative abundance of tree palms was more than five times larger between Neotropical locations and other biogeographical realms. Tree palms were absent in most locations outside the Neotropics but present in >80% of Neotropical locations. The relative abundance of tree palms was more strongly associated with local conditions (e.g., higher mean annual precipitation, lower soil fertility, shallower water table and lower plot mean wood density) than metrics of long-term climate stability. Life-form diversity also influenced the patterns; palm assemblages outside the Neotropics comprise many non-tree (e.g., climbing) palms. Finally, we show that tree palms can influence estimates of above-ground biomass, but the magnitude and direction of the effect require additional work. Conclusions: Tree palms are not only quintessentially tropical, but they are also overwhelmingly Neotropical. Future work to understand the contributions of tree palms to biomass estimates and carbon cycling will be particularly crucial in Neotropical forests.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Ecology and Biogeography
Volume29
Issue9
Pages (from-to)1495-1514
Number of pages20
ISSN1466-822X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

    Research areas

  • above-ground biomass, abundance patterns, Arecaceae, local abiotic conditions, Neotropics, pantropical biogeography, tropical rainforest, wood density

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