Department of Biology

Aarhus University Seal

Henrik Balslev

Evolution and Floral Development in Wax Palms (Ceroxylon) and Vegetable Ivory Palms (Tribe Phytelepheae)

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

To most palm systematists it came as a surprise when molecular evidence pointed to a sister group relationship between the tribe Ceroxyleae in the subfamily Ceroxyloideae and the Phytelephantoid palms formerly referred to a subfamily of their own, now placed in the tribe Phytelepheae. Here we compare floral ontogenetic sequences of representatives of the two groups to identify shared and distinguishing traits. The Phytelephantoid palms probably originated 25–15 millions years ago in early Miocene, which is more recent than has been suggested previously. They are characterized by a number of synapomorphies in the inflorescences and flowers, so unusual within the palms that they have clouded the interpretation of ancestral relationships for centuries. We suggest that the saltatory evolution of the Phytelepheae within Ceroxyloideae is a striking example of paedomorphosis within the Monocotyledons.
Original languageEnglish
Publication year2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventInternational Conference on Comarative Biology of Monocotyledons: Monocots V - Fordham University & the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York, United States
Duration: 7 Jul 201313 Jul 2013
Conference number: 5th


ConferenceInternational Conference on Comarative Biology of Monocotyledons
LocationFordham University & the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx
CountryUnited States
CityNew York

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