Department of Biology

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Henrik Balslev

Anti-infectious plants of the thai karen: A meta-analysis

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Anti-infectious plants of the thai karen : A meta-analysis. / Phumthum, Methee; Balslev, Henrik.

In: Antibiotics, Vol. 9, No. 6, 298, 06.2020.

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@article{2472367525d34240b3b6dd73d6d967dd,
title = "Anti-infectious plants of the thai karen: A meta-analysis",
abstract = "Pharmacology has developed many drugs to treat infections, but many people, especially in developing countries, cannot afford to purchase them, and still depend on traditional knowledge and local medicinal plants to fight off infections. In addition, numerous microbes have developed resistance to the pharmaceutical drugs developed to fight them, and for many, such as Covid-19, effective drugs remain to be found. Ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful, not only for local people as a source of medicine for primary health care, but also for new pharmacological discoveries. This study aimed to identify the plants that the Karen, the largest hill-tribe ethnic minority in northern and western Thailand, use for treatments of infectious diseases. We present a meta-analysis of data from 16 ethnobotanical studies of 25 Karen villages with the aim of understanding traditional knowledge and treatments and point to potential plants for further pharmacological development. The Karen used 127 plant species from 59 plant families to treat infections and infectious diseases. The Cultural Important Index (CI) showed that the Leguminosae, Euphorbiaceae, Asteraceae, Lauraceae, Apocynaceae, Menispermaceae, and Lamiaceae were the most commonly used families. As for species, Cleidion javanicum, Tinospora crispa, Litsea cubeba, Aesculus assamica, Tadehagi triquetrum, Senna alata, Tithonia diversifolia, Embelia sessiliflora, and Combretum indicum were the most commonly used in treatments of infectious diseases. We suggest that these plant species should be the first to be pharmacologically tested for possible development of medicines, and the remaining species registered should subsequently undergo testing.",
keywords = "Antimicrobial, Bacterial, Cleidion javanicum, Ethnobotany, Ethnomedicinal plants, Fungal, Infectious diseases, Litsea cubeba, Tinospora crispa, Viral",
author = "Methee Phumthum and Henrik Balslev",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
doi = "10.3390/antibiotics9060298",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Antibiotics",
issn = "2079-6382",
publisher = "MDPI Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anti-infectious plants of the thai karen

T2 - A meta-analysis

AU - Phumthum, Methee

AU - Balslev, Henrik

PY - 2020/6

Y1 - 2020/6

N2 - Pharmacology has developed many drugs to treat infections, but many people, especially in developing countries, cannot afford to purchase them, and still depend on traditional knowledge and local medicinal plants to fight off infections. In addition, numerous microbes have developed resistance to the pharmaceutical drugs developed to fight them, and for many, such as Covid-19, effective drugs remain to be found. Ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful, not only for local people as a source of medicine for primary health care, but also for new pharmacological discoveries. This study aimed to identify the plants that the Karen, the largest hill-tribe ethnic minority in northern and western Thailand, use for treatments of infectious diseases. We present a meta-analysis of data from 16 ethnobotanical studies of 25 Karen villages with the aim of understanding traditional knowledge and treatments and point to potential plants for further pharmacological development. The Karen used 127 plant species from 59 plant families to treat infections and infectious diseases. The Cultural Important Index (CI) showed that the Leguminosae, Euphorbiaceae, Asteraceae, Lauraceae, Apocynaceae, Menispermaceae, and Lamiaceae were the most commonly used families. As for species, Cleidion javanicum, Tinospora crispa, Litsea cubeba, Aesculus assamica, Tadehagi triquetrum, Senna alata, Tithonia diversifolia, Embelia sessiliflora, and Combretum indicum were the most commonly used in treatments of infectious diseases. We suggest that these plant species should be the first to be pharmacologically tested for possible development of medicines, and the remaining species registered should subsequently undergo testing.

AB - Pharmacology has developed many drugs to treat infections, but many people, especially in developing countries, cannot afford to purchase them, and still depend on traditional knowledge and local medicinal plants to fight off infections. In addition, numerous microbes have developed resistance to the pharmaceutical drugs developed to fight them, and for many, such as Covid-19, effective drugs remain to be found. Ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful, not only for local people as a source of medicine for primary health care, but also for new pharmacological discoveries. This study aimed to identify the plants that the Karen, the largest hill-tribe ethnic minority in northern and western Thailand, use for treatments of infectious diseases. We present a meta-analysis of data from 16 ethnobotanical studies of 25 Karen villages with the aim of understanding traditional knowledge and treatments and point to potential plants for further pharmacological development. The Karen used 127 plant species from 59 plant families to treat infections and infectious diseases. The Cultural Important Index (CI) showed that the Leguminosae, Euphorbiaceae, Asteraceae, Lauraceae, Apocynaceae, Menispermaceae, and Lamiaceae were the most commonly used families. As for species, Cleidion javanicum, Tinospora crispa, Litsea cubeba, Aesculus assamica, Tadehagi triquetrum, Senna alata, Tithonia diversifolia, Embelia sessiliflora, and Combretum indicum were the most commonly used in treatments of infectious diseases. We suggest that these plant species should be the first to be pharmacologically tested for possible development of medicines, and the remaining species registered should subsequently undergo testing.

KW - Antimicrobial

KW - Bacterial

KW - Cleidion javanicum

KW - Ethnobotany

KW - Ethnomedicinal plants

KW - Fungal

KW - Infectious diseases

KW - Litsea cubeba

KW - Tinospora crispa

KW - Viral

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85086479392&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/antibiotics9060298

DO - 10.3390/antibiotics9060298

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32498413

AN - SCOPUS:85086479392

VL - 9

JO - Antibiotics

JF - Antibiotics

SN - 2079-6382

IS - 6

M1 - 298

ER -