Hans Jürgen Hoffmann

Molekulare und Zelluläre Möglichkeiten in der Allergiediagnostik

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  • Hans Jürgen Hoffmann
  • Ulf Darsow, Technische Universitat Munchen
  • ,
  • Stephanie Hofmaier, Charite - Universitatsmedizin Berlin
  • ,
  • Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ackermann und Kleine-Tebbe, Beiratsmitglied der EAACI ;Interest Group Immunotherapy'
  • ,
  • Paolo M. Matricardi, Charite - Universitatsmedizin Berlin
  • ,
  • Bettina Wedi, Hannover Medical School
  • ,
  • Bernadette Eberlein, Technische Universitat Munchen, EAACI

Allergy diagnosis depends on a thorough anamnesis, laboratory tests documenting sensitisation and provocation tests to objectively confirm the causative allergen under controlled conditions. In this review, we describe the molecular and cellular tests available for searching for the causative allergen. The molecular approaches in allergy diagnosis have increased enormously since the identification, cloning and expression of the major allergen for birch pollen, Bet v 1. The diagnostic options are described in detail in the freely available monographs of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), the "Molecular Allergy Users Guide 2016" for molecular serological tests and the "Clinical Utility of Basophil Activation Testing" for cellular tests, where molecular allergens can be employed and with the aim of reducing the re-exposure of patients to allergens they react to. Precise measurements depend on external quality assurance, already established for serology testing, and being in development for cellular testing. European standardisation of diagnostic laboratory tests will expand the variety of test options for personalised allergy diagnosis.

Translated title of the contributionMolecular and cellular opportunities in allergy diagnostics
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2017

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