Hans Estrup Andersen

Baltic Sea eutrophication status is not improved by the first pillar of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Torbjörn Jansson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Agrifood Economics Centre, Sweden
  • Hans Estrup Andersen
  • Bo G. Gustafsson, Baltic Sea Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden
  • Berit Hasler
  • Lisa Höglind, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Agrifood Economics Centre, Sweden
  • Hyungsik Choi, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Agrifood Economics Centre, Sweden
Agriculture is an important source of nitrogen and phosphorous loads to the Baltic Sea. We study how the European Union’s (EU) Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and in particular how its first pillar, containing most of the budget and the decoupled farm payments, affects eutrophication. To aid our study, we use three simulation models, covering the agricultural sector in the EU, a hydrological nutrient flow model and a model of eutrophication in the Baltic Sea. We compute changes in key eutrophication indicators in a business-as-usual baseline and in a hypothetical situation where the first pillar of the CAP, containing the direct payments, greening and accompanying measures, is not present. Comparing the outcomes, we find that in the scenario without the first pillar, production and agricultural land use is lower, while yields and fertiliser use per hectare are higher, causing less nitrogen and phosphorous loads (0.5 to 4% depending on the basin) and less eutrophication in the Baltic Sea as net effect. We therefore conclude that the policies of the first pillar of the CAP contribute to increased eutrophication in the Baltic Sea.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRegional Environmental Change
ISSN1436-3798
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Sep 2019

    Research areas

  • Common agricultural policy Eutrophication Nutrient surplus Baltic Sea

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 168582055