Aarhus University Seal

Hagen Schulz-Forberg

Becoming Pan-European? Transnational Media and the European Public Sphere

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • Section for European Studies
Research about the European public sphere has so far mainly focused on the analysis of national media, neglecting a dimension of transnational communication, namely transnational media. These media could serve as horizontal links between the still nationally segmented public spheres and they could be platforms of a transnational European discourse. Four ideal-types of
transnational media can be distinguished: (1) national media with a transnational mission, (2) international media, (3) pan-regional media and (4) global media. Within this framework the article analyses transnational media in Europe, showing that a multitude of transnational media have developed in Europe. They have acquired a small but growing and influential audience. Whether transnational media fulfil the normative demands related to the concept of a transnational public sphere remains an open question as some of these media heavily depend on government subsidies and there is a clear lack of research on the European discourses represented in these media.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Communication Gazette
Pages (from-to)693-712
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Research areas

  • public sphere, media, transnational

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 12860718