Gerda Elisabeth Villadsen

Dimensions and mechanical properties of porcine aortic segments determined by combined impedance planimetry and high-frequency ultrasound

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The aim of the study is to devise a method for direct measurements of pressure, cross-sectional area (CSA) and wall thickness of a vessel when pressurised. Segments of porcine descending thoracic aorta from 22 and 35 kg pigs (in groups 1 and 2, respectively) and of abdominal aorta from 35 kg pigs are studied in vitro. Impedance planimetry provides measurements of the luminal pressure and CSA of the aorta. The wall thickness is measured simultaneously by means of 20 MHz A-mode ultrasound. The pressure, CSA and wall thickness are registered at different pressure at steady state. At maximum pressure, the CSAs are 107 +/- 10, 215 +/- 19 and 257 +/- 17 mm2 in the abdominal, group 1 and 2 segments, respectively. There is a difference between the abdominal group and groups 1 and 2 (p <0.05), but not between group 1 and 2 segments (p > 0.2). At maximum pressure, the wall thickness is 0.52 +/- 0.04, 0.79 +/- 0.07 and 1.07 +/- 0.02 mm, in the abdominal group 1 and 2 segments, respectively (p <0.05). The circumferential stress-strain relationship accorded well with stress = a x exp(b x strain). The stress-strain curve of the abdominal aortas is shifted to the left, indicating an increase (p <0.05).
Original languageEnglish
JournalMedical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Volume35
Issue1
Pages (from-to)21-6
Number of pages6
ISSN0140-0118
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

    Research areas

  • Animals, Aorta, Biomechanics, Culture Techniques, Stress, Mechanical, Swine

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