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Frede Christensen

Crack widths in concrete with fibers and main reinforcement

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The main object of the research work presented in this paper is to establish design tools for concrete structures where main reinforcement is combined with addition of short discrete steel fibers. The work is concerned with calculating and measuring crack widths in structural elements subjected to bending load. Thus, the aim of the work is to enable engineers to calculate crack widths for flexural concrete members and analyze how different combinations of amounts of fibers and amounts of main reinforcement can meet a given maximum crack width requirement. A mathematical model including the ductility of the fiber reinforced concrete (FRC) is set up and experimental work is conducted in order to verify the crack width model. The ductility of the FRC is taken into account by using the stress crack width relation. The constitutive model for the FRC is based on the idea that the initial part of the stress crack width relation can be described by a linear relation between load and crack width, taking into account the stresses caused by aggregate interlocking. The second part of the stress crack width relation is described by constant stresses from the fiber bridging stresses. The main idea of the analytical model is to assume that the response of the structure can be described by the cracking response located within a fracture band. The model follows ideas previously used by other researchers in order to describe the fracture mechanics of concrete beams. These ideas are extended in this model to take into account the fiber reinforcement and the pullout of the main reinforcement. By applying suitable kinematics conditions for the fracture band, the deformations within the fracture band correspond to a crack width profile where the crack width varies along the depth of the beam. The stress crack width relation is taken into account according to the crack width profile. Pullout of the main reinforcement is taken into account by assuming development of zones around the crack with constant friction stresses. In order to evaluate the capability of the model to produce reliable results, results are compared with results from experimental investigations.
Original languageEnglish
Publication year18 May 2015
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2015
EventFIB Symposium 2015 : Concrete - Innovation and Design - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 18 May 201520 May 2015


ConferenceFIB Symposium 2015

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