Frank Holden Mose

Urine concentration ability is reduced to the same degree in adult dominant polycystic kidney disease compared with other chronic kidney diseases in the same CKD-stage and lower THAN in healthy control subjects - a CASE control study

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BACKGROUND: Concentration of the urine is primarily regulated via vasopressin dependent aquaporin-2 water channels in the apical membrane of kidney principal cells. It is unclear whether urine concentration ability in ADPKD differs from other patients with similar degree of impaired renal function (non-ADPKD patients). The purpose of this case control study was to measure urine concentration ability in ADPKD patients compared to non-ADPKD patients and healthy controls. METHODS: A seventeen hour long water deprivation test was carried out in 17 ADPKD patients (CKD I-IV), 16 non-ADPKD patients (CKD I-IV), and 18 healthy controls. Urine was collected in 4 consecutive periods during water deprivation (12 h, 1 h, 2 h and 2 h, respectively) and analyzed for osmolality (u-Osm), output (UO), fractional excretion of sodium (FENa), aquaporin2 (u-AQP2) and ENaC (u-ENaC). Blood samples were drawn trice (after 13-, 15-, and 17 h after water deprivation) for analyses of osmolality (p-Osm), vasopressin (p-AVP), and aldosterone (p-Aldo). RESULTS: U-Osm was significantly lower and FENa significantly higher in both ADPKD patients and non-ADPKD patients compared to healthy controls during the last three periods of water deprivation. During the same periods, UO was higher and secretion rates of u-AQP2 and u-ENaC were lower and at the same level in the two groups of patients compared to controls. P-AVP and p-Osm did not differ significantly between the three groups. P-Aldo was higher in both groups of patients than in controls. CONCLUSIONS: Urine concentration ability was reduced to the same extent in patients with ADPKD and other chronic kidney diseases with the same level of renal function compared to healthy controls. The lower urine excretion of AQP2 and ENaC suggests that the underlying mechanism may be a reduced tubular response to vasopressin and aldosterone. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trial NCT04363554 , date of registration: 20.08.2017.

Original languageEnglish
Article number379
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume21
Issue1
Number of pages13
ISSN1471-2369
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Aldosterone, Angiotensin II, aquaporin2, Blood pressure, Chronic kidney disease, Epithelial sodium channel, GFR, Osmolality, Polycystic kidney disease, Renin, Sodium, Vasopressin

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