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Frank Grundahl

Atomic diffusion and mixing in old stars VI: The lithium content of M30

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  • Pieter Gruyters
  • ,
  • Karin Lind
  • ,
  • Olivier Richard
  • ,
  • Frank Grundahl
  • Martin Asplund
  • ,
  • Luca Casagrande
  • ,
  • Corinne Charbonnel
  • ,
  • Antonino Milone
  • ,
  • Francesca Primas
  • ,
  • Andreas J. Korn
The prediction of the PLANCK-constrained primordial lithium abundance in the Universe is in discordance with the observed Li abundances in warm Population II dwarf and subgiant stars. Among the physically best motivated ideas, it has been suggested that this discrepancy can be alleviated if the stars observed today had undergone photospheric depletion of lithium. The cause of this depletion is investigated by accurately tracing the behaviour of the lithium abundances as a function of effective temperature. Globular clusters are ideal laboratories for such an abundance analysis as the relative stellar parameters of their stars can be precisely determined. We performed a homogeneous chemical abundance analysis of 144 stars in the metal-poor globular cluster M30, ranging from the cluster turnoff point to the tip of the red giant branch. NLTE abundances for Li, Ca, and Fe were derived where possible. Stellar parameters were derived by matching isochrones to the observed V vs V-I colour-magnitude diagram. Independent effective temperatures were obtained from automated profile fitting of the Balmer lines and by applying colour-T_eff calibrations to the broadband photometry. Li abundances of the turnoff and early subgiant stars form a thin plateau that is broken off abruptly in the middle of the SGB as a result of the onset of Li dilution caused by the first dredge-up. Abundance trends with effective temperature for Fe and Ca are observed and compared to predictions from stellar structure models including atomic diffusion and ad hoc additional mixing below the surface convection zone. The comparison shows that the stars in M30 are affected by atomic diffusion and additional mixing. After applying a conservative correction for atomic diffusion, we find an initial Li abundance of A(Li) = $2.48\pm0.10$ for the globular cluster M30.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA61
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

    Research areas

  • Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

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