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Felix Riede

Towards a dendrochronologically refined date of the Laacher See eruption around 13,000 years ago

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  • Frederick Reinig, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
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  • Paolo Cherubini, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, The University of British Columbia
  • ,
  • Stefan Engels, Birkbeck University of London
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  • Jan Esper, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
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  • Giulia Guidobaldi, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
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  • Olaf Jöris, MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, MOE Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems Research School of Arid Environment and Climate Change
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  • Christine Lane, University of Cambridge
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  • Daniel Nievergelt, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
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  • Clive Oppenheimer, University of Cambridge
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  • Cornelia Park, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
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  • Hardy Pfanz, Universitat Duisburg-Essen
  • ,
  • Felix Riede
  • Hans Ulrich Schmincke, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
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  • Martin Street, MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution
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  • Lukas Wacker, ETH Zürich
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  • Ulf Büntgen, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, University of Cambridge, Czech Academy of Sciences, Masaryk University

The precise date of the Laacher See eruption (LSE), central Europe's largest Late Pleistocene volcanic event that occurred around 13,000 years ago, is still unknown. Here, we outline the potential of combined high-resolution dendrochronological, wood anatomical and radiocarbon (14C) measurements, to refine the age of this major Plinian eruption. Based on excavated, subfossil trees that were killed during the explosive LSE and buried under its pyroclastic deposits, we describe how a firm date of the eruption might be achieved, and how the resulting temporal precision would further advance our understanding of the environmental and societal impacts of this event. Moreover, we discuss the relevance of an accurate LSE date for improving the synchronization of European terrestrial and lacustrine Late Glacial to Holocene archives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106128
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume229
Number of pages6
ISSN0277-3791
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

    Research areas

  • ABRUPT CLIMATE-CHANGE, CALIBRATION, INTCAL13, MEERFELDER MAAR, PALAEOLAKE, RECORD, SEDIMENTS, TEPHRA, VARVE CHRONOLOGY, VOLCANIC-ERUPTION

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