Eva Ørnbøl

Prevalence of functional somatic syndromes and bodily distress syndrome in the Danish population: the DanFunD study

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Prevalence of functional somatic syndromes and bodily distress syndrome in the Danish population : the DanFunD study. / Petersen, Marie Weinreich; Schröder, Andreas; Jørgensen, Torben; Ørnbøl, Eva; Dantoft, Thomas Meinertz; Eliasen, Marie; Carstensen, Tina Wisbech; Falgaard Eplov, Lene; Fink, Per.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 48, No. 5, 2020, p. 567-576.

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Petersen, Marie Weinreich ; Schröder, Andreas ; Jørgensen, Torben ; Ørnbøl, Eva ; Dantoft, Thomas Meinertz ; Eliasen, Marie ; Carstensen, Tina Wisbech ; Falgaard Eplov, Lene ; Fink, Per. / Prevalence of functional somatic syndromes and bodily distress syndrome in the Danish population : the DanFunD study. In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2020 ; Vol. 48, No. 5. pp. 567-576.

Bibtex

@article{24884e9648f64f71a0ab259479086fd7,
title = "Prevalence of functional somatic syndromes and bodily distress syndrome in the Danish population: the DanFunD study",
abstract = "Aims: Little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of functional somatic syndromes (FSS) such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), whiplash associated disorders (WAD), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), and bodily distress syndrome (BDS) in the general population when they are investigated simultaneously. Method: This cross-sectional study is based on the Danish Study of Functional Disorders (DanFunD) cohort consisting of 9656 adults from the general population. FSS and BDS were identified by questionnaires and characterized by age, sex, vocational training, physical health and comorbidity with physical and psychiatric disease. Results: In total, 16.3% (95% CI: 15.6-17.1) of the participants fulfilled the criteria for at least one FSS, ranging from 1.7% for WAD to 8.6% for CFS, and 16.1% (95% CI: 15.4-16.9) fulfilled the criteria for BDS. Cases had a high risk of poor self-perceived health, limitations in daily activities, and a high psychiatric comorbidity, all increasing with the number of syndromes in each individual. However, the associations differed across the various FSS. Mutual overlaps of IBS, FM and CFS were greater than could be expected by chance. Conclusions: FSS and BDS are prevalent in the adult Danish population, and cases have high risk of poor self-perceived health, limitation in daily activities, and psychiatric comorbidity. These associations were particularly strong for cases with multiple FSS and multi-organ BDS.",
keywords = "Irritable bowel syndrome, bodily distress syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, multiple chemical sensitivity, whiplash associated disorders",
author = "Petersen, {Marie Weinreich} and Andreas Schr{\"o}der and Torben J{\o}rgensen and Eva {\O}rnb{\o}l and Dantoft, {Thomas Meinertz} and Marie Eliasen and Carstensen, {Tina Wisbech} and {Falgaard Eplov}, Lene and Per Fink",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1177/1403494819868592",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "567--576",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement",
issn = "1403-4956",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of functional somatic syndromes and bodily distress syndrome in the Danish population

T2 - the DanFunD study

AU - Petersen, Marie Weinreich

AU - Schröder, Andreas

AU - Jørgensen, Torben

AU - Ørnbøl, Eva

AU - Dantoft, Thomas Meinertz

AU - Eliasen, Marie

AU - Carstensen, Tina Wisbech

AU - Falgaard Eplov, Lene

AU - Fink, Per

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Aims: Little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of functional somatic syndromes (FSS) such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), whiplash associated disorders (WAD), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), and bodily distress syndrome (BDS) in the general population when they are investigated simultaneously. Method: This cross-sectional study is based on the Danish Study of Functional Disorders (DanFunD) cohort consisting of 9656 adults from the general population. FSS and BDS were identified by questionnaires and characterized by age, sex, vocational training, physical health and comorbidity with physical and psychiatric disease. Results: In total, 16.3% (95% CI: 15.6-17.1) of the participants fulfilled the criteria for at least one FSS, ranging from 1.7% for WAD to 8.6% for CFS, and 16.1% (95% CI: 15.4-16.9) fulfilled the criteria for BDS. Cases had a high risk of poor self-perceived health, limitations in daily activities, and a high psychiatric comorbidity, all increasing with the number of syndromes in each individual. However, the associations differed across the various FSS. Mutual overlaps of IBS, FM and CFS were greater than could be expected by chance. Conclusions: FSS and BDS are prevalent in the adult Danish population, and cases have high risk of poor self-perceived health, limitation in daily activities, and psychiatric comorbidity. These associations were particularly strong for cases with multiple FSS and multi-organ BDS.

AB - Aims: Little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of functional somatic syndromes (FSS) such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), whiplash associated disorders (WAD), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), and bodily distress syndrome (BDS) in the general population when they are investigated simultaneously. Method: This cross-sectional study is based on the Danish Study of Functional Disorders (DanFunD) cohort consisting of 9656 adults from the general population. FSS and BDS were identified by questionnaires and characterized by age, sex, vocational training, physical health and comorbidity with physical and psychiatric disease. Results: In total, 16.3% (95% CI: 15.6-17.1) of the participants fulfilled the criteria for at least one FSS, ranging from 1.7% for WAD to 8.6% for CFS, and 16.1% (95% CI: 15.4-16.9) fulfilled the criteria for BDS. Cases had a high risk of poor self-perceived health, limitations in daily activities, and a high psychiatric comorbidity, all increasing with the number of syndromes in each individual. However, the associations differed across the various FSS. Mutual overlaps of IBS, FM and CFS were greater than could be expected by chance. Conclusions: FSS and BDS are prevalent in the adult Danish population, and cases have high risk of poor self-perceived health, limitation in daily activities, and psychiatric comorbidity. These associations were particularly strong for cases with multiple FSS and multi-organ BDS.

KW - Irritable bowel syndrome

KW - bodily distress syndrome

KW - chronic fatigue syndrome

KW - fibromyalgia

KW - multiple chemical sensitivity

KW - whiplash associated disorders

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071443381&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1403494819868592

DO - 10.1177/1403494819868592

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31409218

VL - 48

SP - 567

EP - 576

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement

SN - 1403-4956

IS - 5

ER -