Department of Biology

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Eva Egelyng Sigsgaard

Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA. / Dugal, Laurence; Thomas, Luke; Jensen, Mads Reinholdt; Sigsgaard, Eva Egelyng; Simpson, Tiffany; Jarman, Simon; Thomsen, Philip Francis; Meekan, Mark.

In: Molecular Ecology Resources, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.2022, p. 56-65.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Dugal, L, Thomas, L, Jensen, MR, Sigsgaard, EE, Simpson, T, Jarman, S, Thomsen, PF & Meekan, M 2022, 'Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA', Molecular Ecology Resources, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 56-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.13451

APA

Dugal, L., Thomas, L., Jensen, M. R., Sigsgaard, E. E., Simpson, T., Jarman, S., Thomsen, P. F., & Meekan, M. (2022). Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA. Molecular Ecology Resources, 22(1), 56-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.13451

CBE

Dugal L, Thomas L, Jensen MR, Sigsgaard EE, Simpson T, Jarman S, Thomsen PF, Meekan M. 2022. Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA. Molecular Ecology Resources. 22(1):56-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.13451

MLA

Dugal, Laurence et al. "Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA". Molecular Ecology Resources. 2022, 22(1). 56-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.13451

Vancouver

Dugal L, Thomas L, Jensen MR, Sigsgaard EE, Simpson T, Jarman S et al. Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA. Molecular Ecology Resources. 2022 Jan;22(1):56-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.13451

Author

Dugal, Laurence ; Thomas, Luke ; Jensen, Mads Reinholdt ; Sigsgaard, Eva Egelyng ; Simpson, Tiffany ; Jarman, Simon ; Thomsen, Philip Francis ; Meekan, Mark. / Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA. In: Molecular Ecology Resources. 2022 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 56-65.

Bibtex

@article{91b497e2be104af2b337da8614dbe8ea,
title = "Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA",
abstract = "Population genetic data can provide valuable information on the demography of a species. For rare and elusive marine megafauna, samples for generating the data are traditionally obtained from tissue biopsies, which can be logistically difficult and expensive to collect and require invasive sampling techniques. Analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA) offers an alternative, minimally invasive approach to provide important genetic information. Although eDNA approaches have been studied extensively for species detection and biodiversity monitoring in metabarcoding studies, the potential for the technique to address population-level questions remains largely unexplored. Here, we applied “eDNA haplotyping” to obtain estimates of the intraspecific genetic diversity of a whale shark (Rhincodon typus) aggregation at Ningaloo reef, Australia. Over 2 weeks, we collected seawater samples directly behind individual sharks prior to taking a tissue biopsy sample from the same animal. Our data showed a 100% match between mtDNA sequences recovered in the eDNA and tissue sample for all 28 individuals sampled. In the seawater samples, >97% of all reads were assigned to six dominant haplotypes, and a clear dominant signal (~99% of sample reads) was recovered in each sample. Our study demonstrates accurate individual-level haplotyping from seawater eDNA. When DNA from one individual clearly dominates each eDNA sample, it provides many of the same opportunities for population genetic analyses as a tissue sample, potentially removing the need for tissue sampling. Our results show that eDNA approaches for population-level analyses have the potential to supply critical demographic data for the conservation and management of marine megafauna.",
keywords = "eDNA, elasmobranchs, environmental DNA, haplotype, intraspecific diversity, mtDNA, population genetics, PATTERNS, GENETIC-STRUCTURE, RHINCODON-TYPUS, R PACKAGE, SOUTH, LARGEST FISH, Haplotypes, DNA, Environmental, Animals, Sharks/genetics, Australia, Seawater",
author = "Laurence Dugal and Luke Thomas and Jensen, {Mads Reinholdt} and Sigsgaard, {Eva Egelyng} and Tiffany Simpson and Simon Jarman and Thomsen, {Philip Francis} and Mark Meekan",
year = "2022",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1111/1755-0998.13451",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "56--65",
journal = "Molecular Ecology Resources",
issn = "1755-098X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Individual haplotyping of whale sharks from seawater environmental DNA

AU - Dugal, Laurence

AU - Thomas, Luke

AU - Jensen, Mads Reinholdt

AU - Sigsgaard, Eva Egelyng

AU - Simpson, Tiffany

AU - Jarman, Simon

AU - Thomsen, Philip Francis

AU - Meekan, Mark

PY - 2022/1

Y1 - 2022/1

N2 - Population genetic data can provide valuable information on the demography of a species. For rare and elusive marine megafauna, samples for generating the data are traditionally obtained from tissue biopsies, which can be logistically difficult and expensive to collect and require invasive sampling techniques. Analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA) offers an alternative, minimally invasive approach to provide important genetic information. Although eDNA approaches have been studied extensively for species detection and biodiversity monitoring in metabarcoding studies, the potential for the technique to address population-level questions remains largely unexplored. Here, we applied “eDNA haplotyping” to obtain estimates of the intraspecific genetic diversity of a whale shark (Rhincodon typus) aggregation at Ningaloo reef, Australia. Over 2 weeks, we collected seawater samples directly behind individual sharks prior to taking a tissue biopsy sample from the same animal. Our data showed a 100% match between mtDNA sequences recovered in the eDNA and tissue sample for all 28 individuals sampled. In the seawater samples, >97% of all reads were assigned to six dominant haplotypes, and a clear dominant signal (~99% of sample reads) was recovered in each sample. Our study demonstrates accurate individual-level haplotyping from seawater eDNA. When DNA from one individual clearly dominates each eDNA sample, it provides many of the same opportunities for population genetic analyses as a tissue sample, potentially removing the need for tissue sampling. Our results show that eDNA approaches for population-level analyses have the potential to supply critical demographic data for the conservation and management of marine megafauna.

AB - Population genetic data can provide valuable information on the demography of a species. For rare and elusive marine megafauna, samples for generating the data are traditionally obtained from tissue biopsies, which can be logistically difficult and expensive to collect and require invasive sampling techniques. Analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA) offers an alternative, minimally invasive approach to provide important genetic information. Although eDNA approaches have been studied extensively for species detection and biodiversity monitoring in metabarcoding studies, the potential for the technique to address population-level questions remains largely unexplored. Here, we applied “eDNA haplotyping” to obtain estimates of the intraspecific genetic diversity of a whale shark (Rhincodon typus) aggregation at Ningaloo reef, Australia. Over 2 weeks, we collected seawater samples directly behind individual sharks prior to taking a tissue biopsy sample from the same animal. Our data showed a 100% match between mtDNA sequences recovered in the eDNA and tissue sample for all 28 individuals sampled. In the seawater samples, >97% of all reads were assigned to six dominant haplotypes, and a clear dominant signal (~99% of sample reads) was recovered in each sample. Our study demonstrates accurate individual-level haplotyping from seawater eDNA. When DNA from one individual clearly dominates each eDNA sample, it provides many of the same opportunities for population genetic analyses as a tissue sample, potentially removing the need for tissue sampling. Our results show that eDNA approaches for population-level analyses have the potential to supply critical demographic data for the conservation and management of marine megafauna.

KW - eDNA

KW - elasmobranchs

KW - environmental DNA

KW - haplotype

KW - intraspecific diversity

KW - mtDNA

KW - population genetics

KW - PATTERNS

KW - GENETIC-STRUCTURE

KW - RHINCODON-TYPUS

KW - R PACKAGE

KW - SOUTH

KW - LARGEST FISH

KW - Haplotypes

KW - DNA, Environmental

KW - Animals

KW - Sharks/genetics

KW - Australia

KW - Seawater

U2 - 10.1111/1755-0998.13451

DO - 10.1111/1755-0998.13451

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34146448

VL - 22

SP - 56

EP - 65

JO - Molecular Ecology Resources

JF - Molecular Ecology Resources

SN - 1755-098X

IS - 1

ER -