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Erik Jeppesen

The little auk population at the North Water Polynya. How palaeohistory, archaeology and anthropology adds new dimensions to the ecology of a high arctic seabird

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch

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The little auk population at the North Water Polynya. How palaeohistory, archaeology and anthropology adds new dimensions to the ecology of a high arctic seabird. / Mosbech, Anders; Johansen, Kasper Lambert; Lyngs, Peter; Davidson, Thomas Alexander; Jeppesen, Erik; Grønnow, Bjarne; Appelt, Martin; Dietz, Rune; Andersen, Astrid; Flora, Jane.

2015. Abstract from 2nd World Seabird Conference, Cape Town, South Africa.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch

Harvard

Mosbech, A, Johansen, KL, Lyngs, P, Davidson, TA, Jeppesen, E, Grønnow, B, Appelt, M, Dietz, R, Andersen, A & Flora, J 2015, 'The little auk population at the North Water Polynya. How palaeohistory, archaeology and anthropology adds new dimensions to the ecology of a high arctic seabird', 2nd World Seabird Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 26/10/2015 - 30/10/2015.

APA

CBE

MLA

Mosbech, Anders et al. The little auk population at the North Water Polynya. How palaeohistory, archaeology and anthropology adds new dimensions to the ecology of a high arctic seabird. 2nd World Seabird Conference, 26 Oct 2015, Cape Town, South Africa, Conference abstract for conference, 2015.

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@conference{189c0f4ce983409aaaee41cc9ef885e6,
title = "The little auk population at the North Water Polynya. How palaeohistory, archaeology and anthropology adds new dimensions to the ecology of a high arctic seabird",
abstract = "The little auk is the most numerous seabird in the north Atlantic and it has its most important breeding area on the eastern shores of the high arctic North Water Polynya in Northwest Greenland. Here an estimated population of 30 mill. pairs breeds in huge colonies. The little auk is a high arctic specialist feeding its chicks with large lipid-rich high arctic copepods. With warming of the sea the copepod species assemblage is expected to change to smaller less fatty copepod species with energetic and potentially population consequences for little auks. This presentation takes a broad interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of little auk ecology in times of change. Recent and ongoing little auk studies at the North Water Polynya have shown the high densities of little auks (about 2 pairs/m2) breeding under the stones in the vast scree slopes, the highly specialized chick diet (80 % Calanus hyperboreus), the foraging ranges (75 km, GPS tracking) the local foraging behaviour (TDR), and yearly migration pattern (gls) where little auks disperse over the north-eastern Atlantic during winter. An interdisciplinary approach has added new dimensions to population history and human harvest. Lakes with runoff from the huge colonies are hypertrophic and clear signatures can be found in cores from the lake sediment telling the colony history since the last glaciation. A history where large climatic variations but also changes caused by the historic whaling, which nearly removed the plankton-feeding Bowhead whale population, took place. Anthropological research reveals how, though small in size, little auk is a significant resource for the Inuit with important cultural values attached and adding resilience to human populations in times where the dominant marine mammal prey is inaccessible due to seasonal or yearly variations in ice conditions. Archaeological remnants show that little auk has been a resource for successive eskimo cultures inhabiting the area.",
author = "Anders Mosbech and Johansen, {Kasper Lambert} and Peter Lyngs and Davidson, {Thomas Alexander} and Erik Jeppesen and Bjarne Gr{\o}nnow and Martin Appelt and Rune Dietz and Astrid Andersen and Jane Flora",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
note = "2nd World Seabird Conference : Seabirds: Global Ocean Sentinels ; Conference date: 26-10-2015 Through 30-10-2015",

}

RIS

TY - ABST

T1 - The little auk population at the North Water Polynya. How palaeohistory, archaeology and anthropology adds new dimensions to the ecology of a high arctic seabird

AU - Mosbech, Anders

AU - Johansen, Kasper Lambert

AU - Lyngs, Peter

AU - Davidson, Thomas Alexander

AU - Jeppesen, Erik

AU - Grønnow, Bjarne

AU - Appelt, Martin

AU - Dietz, Rune

AU - Andersen, Astrid

AU - Flora, Jane

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The little auk is the most numerous seabird in the north Atlantic and it has its most important breeding area on the eastern shores of the high arctic North Water Polynya in Northwest Greenland. Here an estimated population of 30 mill. pairs breeds in huge colonies. The little auk is a high arctic specialist feeding its chicks with large lipid-rich high arctic copepods. With warming of the sea the copepod species assemblage is expected to change to smaller less fatty copepod species with energetic and potentially population consequences for little auks. This presentation takes a broad interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of little auk ecology in times of change. Recent and ongoing little auk studies at the North Water Polynya have shown the high densities of little auks (about 2 pairs/m2) breeding under the stones in the vast scree slopes, the highly specialized chick diet (80 % Calanus hyperboreus), the foraging ranges (75 km, GPS tracking) the local foraging behaviour (TDR), and yearly migration pattern (gls) where little auks disperse over the north-eastern Atlantic during winter. An interdisciplinary approach has added new dimensions to population history and human harvest. Lakes with runoff from the huge colonies are hypertrophic and clear signatures can be found in cores from the lake sediment telling the colony history since the last glaciation. A history where large climatic variations but also changes caused by the historic whaling, which nearly removed the plankton-feeding Bowhead whale population, took place. Anthropological research reveals how, though small in size, little auk is a significant resource for the Inuit with important cultural values attached and adding resilience to human populations in times where the dominant marine mammal prey is inaccessible due to seasonal or yearly variations in ice conditions. Archaeological remnants show that little auk has been a resource for successive eskimo cultures inhabiting the area.

AB - The little auk is the most numerous seabird in the north Atlantic and it has its most important breeding area on the eastern shores of the high arctic North Water Polynya in Northwest Greenland. Here an estimated population of 30 mill. pairs breeds in huge colonies. The little auk is a high arctic specialist feeding its chicks with large lipid-rich high arctic copepods. With warming of the sea the copepod species assemblage is expected to change to smaller less fatty copepod species with energetic and potentially population consequences for little auks. This presentation takes a broad interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of little auk ecology in times of change. Recent and ongoing little auk studies at the North Water Polynya have shown the high densities of little auks (about 2 pairs/m2) breeding under the stones in the vast scree slopes, the highly specialized chick diet (80 % Calanus hyperboreus), the foraging ranges (75 km, GPS tracking) the local foraging behaviour (TDR), and yearly migration pattern (gls) where little auks disperse over the north-eastern Atlantic during winter. An interdisciplinary approach has added new dimensions to population history and human harvest. Lakes with runoff from the huge colonies are hypertrophic and clear signatures can be found in cores from the lake sediment telling the colony history since the last glaciation. A history where large climatic variations but also changes caused by the historic whaling, which nearly removed the plankton-feeding Bowhead whale population, took place. Anthropological research reveals how, though small in size, little auk is a significant resource for the Inuit with important cultural values attached and adding resilience to human populations in times where the dominant marine mammal prey is inaccessible due to seasonal or yearly variations in ice conditions. Archaeological remnants show that little auk has been a resource for successive eskimo cultures inhabiting the area.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

T2 - 2nd World Seabird Conference

Y2 - 26 October 2015 through 30 October 2015

ER -