Department of Biology

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Erik Jeppesen

Allelopathic effect boosts Chrysosporum ovalisporum dominance in summer at the expense of Microcystis panniformis in a shallow coastal water body

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  • Wei-Wei Zhang, Shanghai Ocean University
  • ,
  • Erik Jeppesen
  • Mengmeng Wang, Shanghai Ocean University
  • ,
  • Xiaoying Xu, Shanghai Ocean University
  • ,
  • Liqing Wang, Shanghai Ocean University

The increased occurrence of harmful cyanobacterial species and, with this, higher frequency of cyanobacteria blooms, closely associated with eutrophication and climate change, have attracted increasing attention worldwide. However, competition mechanisms between the different bloom-forming cyanobacteria species remain to be elucidated. In this paper, for the first time, the allelopathic effect of the cyanobacterium Chrysosporum ovalisporum on the cyanobacterium Microcystis panniformis is reported. The results of our study conducted in a Chinese shallow coastal water body demonstrated that the biomass of M. panniformis was relatively low during the C. ovalisporum blooming period. Co-cultivation of a C. ovalisporum strain with a M. panniformis strain showed strong inhibition of the growth of M. panniformis but stimulation of C. ovalisporum. Thus, filtrate of C. ovalisporum culture had a strong inhibitory effect on the performance of M. panniformis by decreasing the maximum optical quantum yield (Fv/Fm), the electron transport rate (ETR) of PS II and the onset of light saturation (Ik) and by increasing the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of M. panniformis. Our results suggest that the inter-specific allelopathic effect plays an important role in the competition between different cyanobacteria species. We foresee the importance of C. ovalisporum to intensify in a future warmer world, not least in small- to medium-sized, warm and high conductivity coastal water bodies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Pages (from-to)4666-4675
Number of pages10
ISSN0944-1344
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Research areas

  • Allelopathy, Bloom, Chrysosporum ovalisporum, Competition, Cylindrospermopsin, Microcystis panniformis

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