Erik Ernst

Computer-assisted semen analysis parameters as predictors for fertility of men from the general population. The Danish First Pregnancy Planner Study Team

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The predictive value of sperm motility parameters obtained by computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) was evaluated for the fertility of men from general population. In a prospective study with couples stopping use of contraception in order to try to conceive, CASA was performed on semen samples from 358 men. A recently developed CASA system, Copenhagen Rigshospitalet Image house sperm Motility Analysis System (CRISMAS) was used for assessment of motility parameters. This system has an editing function which allows correction of tracks made by the computer. Probably due to this function, the concentration assessment made by CRISMAS was very close to that made by the technician (median difference <5%) in all concentration ranges. Correlation between CASA parameters and fertility of normal couples (measured as probability of achieving pregnancy) was examined by the Cox regression model. In univariate models ln(sperm concentration) [beta = 0.331, risk ratio (RR) = 1.392, P = 0.0001], ln(total sperm count) (beta = 0.252, RR = 1.286, P = 0.0007) and percentage motile spermatozoa (beta = 0.014, RR = 1.014, P = 0.0004) were most significant predictors for fertility. In a multivariate analysis ln(sperm concentration) (beta = 0.268, RR = 1.307, P = 0.0016) and percentage motile spermatozoa (beta = 0.010, RR = 1.010, P = 0.011) but even more significantly the combined parameter, ln(concentration of motile spermatozoa) (beta = 0.329, RR = 1.389, P = 0.0001), were the only parameters of predictive value for fertility of men in the general population. In conclusion, these parameters obtained by CASA measurements can be used for prediction of fertility potential in normal men. This appears to be the first study showing the value of CASA in prediction of fertility in the general male population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman reproduction (Oxford, England)
Pages (from-to)1562-7
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2000

    Research areas

  • Adult, Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted, Female, Fertility, Humans, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Predictive Value of Tests, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Rate, Prognosis, Reference Values, Regression Analysis, Semen, Sperm Count, Sperm Motility

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