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E. Nørmark

Wrench-fault structures superimposed by glaciotectonic complexes, interpreted from high-resolution reflection-seismic sections and boreholes along the Western Bank of Esrum Sø, North-East Sjælland, Denmark

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  • Line Bayer Winsløw, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • ,
  • Stig A. Schack Pedersen, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • ,
  • Lars Ole Boldreel, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Egon Nørmark

Wrench-fault structures below Danian limestone and Palaeogene marl, and an over-lying structural framework of Quaternary glacial deposits in north-east Sjælland, Denmark, are interpreted from two vibro-seismic sections recorded to 600 msec TWT depth. The main seismic section is 6.3 km long, N–S oriented, and intersected by a 0.7 km long, E–W oriented satellite seismic section. In addition, boreholes in the vicinity of the seismic profile are used for the interpretation. The sections were acquired in 2014 along the western shoreline of the lake Esrum Sø in the Gribskov area. In the lower part of the seismic section (the interval 100–300 msec TWT), parallel-bedded geological layers occur along most of the profile apart from six locations, where six wrench-fault structures displace the upper part of the Chalk Group and lower Pa-laeogene marl. The northernmost of the six wrench-fault locations correlates to the eastern slope of the buried Esrum–Alnarp valley, which suggests that the valley is an inherited tectonic feature. The location of the wrench-fault structures supports the outline of faults related to the Sorgenfrei-Tornquist Zone on previous geological maps, which had almost no seismic data from the area. Above the stratigraphic level presented by the Danian limestone and lower Pa-laeogene marl, a composite glaciotectonic complex comprising two glaciodynamic sequences is recognized by e.g. thrust-fault structures and the lithostratigraphy of glacial successions recorded in the wells. In parts of the seismic sections, the lowermost level of the glaciotectonic complex inherited the wrench-tectonic fault structures, most significantly seen in the northern segment. The advance of the Scandinavian ice sheet caused the glaciotectonic structures displayed in the seismic section. The two sequences represent events related to the Norwegian and the Swedish glacial advances. From the interpretation of the seismic section it is found that the glaciotectonic complex conceals the wrench-tectonic flower structures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark
Volume68
Pages (from-to)171-194
Number of pages24
ISSN0011-6297
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Esrum–Alnarp valley, Flower structures, Glaciodynamics, Glaciotectonics, Seismic architecture, Wrench-fault tectonics

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