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Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Standard

Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites. / Gran, Ole; Boldreel, Lars Ole; Hermand, Jean Pierre; Rasmussen, Hugo; Dell'anno, Antonio; Cvikel, Debbie; Galili, Ehud; Madsen, Bo; Normark, Egon.

2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics). IEEE, 2018. p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gran, O, Boldreel, LO, Hermand, JP, Rasmussen, H, Dell'anno, A, Cvikel, D, Galili, E, Madsen, B & Normark, E 2018, Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites. in 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics). IEEE, pp. 1-5, 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium, RIO Acoustics 2017, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 25/07/2017. https://doi.org/10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747

APA

Gran, O., Boldreel, L. O., Hermand, J. P., Rasmussen, H., Dell'anno, A., Cvikel, D., Galili, E., Madsen, B., & Normark, E. (2018). Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites. In 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics) (pp. 1-5). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747

CBE

Gran O, Boldreel LO, Hermand JP, Rasmussen H, Dell'anno A, Cvikel D, Galili E, Madsen B, Normark E. 2018. Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites. In 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics). IEEE. pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747

MLA

Gran, Ole et al. "Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites". 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics). IEEE. 2018, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747

Vancouver

Gran O, Boldreel LO, Hermand JP, Rasmussen H, Dell'anno A, Cvikel D et al. Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites. In 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics). IEEE. 2018. p. 1-5 https://doi.org/10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747

Author

Gran, Ole ; Boldreel, Lars Ole ; Hermand, Jean Pierre ; Rasmussen, Hugo ; Dell'anno, Antonio ; Cvikel, Debbie ; Galili, Ehud ; Madsen, Bo ; Normark, Egon. / Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites. 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics). IEEE, 2018. pp. 1-5

Bibtex

@inproceedings{e64d6484463946c4a74f1e07f179f9ee,
title = "Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites",
abstract = "The development of an acoustic system for cost-effective mapping of submerged Stone Age sites located on, and embedded in, the sea floor, reported briefly at the 2nd RIO Acoustics Symposium (Gran et al. 2016), has progressed significantly since then. A number of experiments and survey results now demonstrate that it is possible to obtain clear and significant acoustic responses from flint tools and debitage1 produced by humans, whereas naturally-cracked pieces of flint of similar shapes and dimensions do not produce equivalent responses. It has also been demonstrated that debitage responds acoustically even when embedded within sea-floor sediments. So far, responses have been obtained from the cultural layers of Stone Age settlements containing large amounts debitage covered by at least one metre of sediment. It is now important to develop the method further, so it is also effective for smaller amounts of debitage from all siliceous materials used by humans to produce debitage, and at maximum depths in the sediment. There should also be no water-depth limitation when operating the system. Since Stone Age sites can be expected to be found down to approximately -140 m below present sea level (the lowest glacial sea level), the system will support the practical implementation of UNESCO's 2001 convention for underwater cultural heritage, which also covers international waters [1]. The existing types of predictive modelling, based on the bathymetry of former exposed and inhabited surfaces, are very imprecise and expensive, taking into account the costs of precise physical mapping of the potential sites by coring.",
keywords = "acoustics, flint, Mapping, maritime archaeology, Stone Age, survey",
author = "Ole Gran and Boldreel, {Lars Ole} and Hermand, {Jean Pierre} and Hugo Rasmussen and Antonio Dell'anno and Debbie Cvikel and Ehud Galili and Bo Madsen and Egon Normark",
year = "2018",
month = apr,
day = "26",
doi = "10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747",
language = "English",
pages = "1--5",
booktitle = "2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics)",
publisher = "IEEE",
note = "2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium, RIO Acoustics 2017 ; Conference date: 25-07-2017 Through 27-07-2017",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Status for the development of acoustic mapping of submerged stone age sites

AU - Gran, Ole

AU - Boldreel, Lars Ole

AU - Hermand, Jean Pierre

AU - Rasmussen, Hugo

AU - Dell'anno, Antonio

AU - Cvikel, Debbie

AU - Galili, Ehud

AU - Madsen, Bo

AU - Normark, Egon

PY - 2018/4/26

Y1 - 2018/4/26

N2 - The development of an acoustic system for cost-effective mapping of submerged Stone Age sites located on, and embedded in, the sea floor, reported briefly at the 2nd RIO Acoustics Symposium (Gran et al. 2016), has progressed significantly since then. A number of experiments and survey results now demonstrate that it is possible to obtain clear and significant acoustic responses from flint tools and debitage1 produced by humans, whereas naturally-cracked pieces of flint of similar shapes and dimensions do not produce equivalent responses. It has also been demonstrated that debitage responds acoustically even when embedded within sea-floor sediments. So far, responses have been obtained from the cultural layers of Stone Age settlements containing large amounts debitage covered by at least one metre of sediment. It is now important to develop the method further, so it is also effective for smaller amounts of debitage from all siliceous materials used by humans to produce debitage, and at maximum depths in the sediment. There should also be no water-depth limitation when operating the system. Since Stone Age sites can be expected to be found down to approximately -140 m below present sea level (the lowest glacial sea level), the system will support the practical implementation of UNESCO's 2001 convention for underwater cultural heritage, which also covers international waters [1]. The existing types of predictive modelling, based on the bathymetry of former exposed and inhabited surfaces, are very imprecise and expensive, taking into account the costs of precise physical mapping of the potential sites by coring.

AB - The development of an acoustic system for cost-effective mapping of submerged Stone Age sites located on, and embedded in, the sea floor, reported briefly at the 2nd RIO Acoustics Symposium (Gran et al. 2016), has progressed significantly since then. A number of experiments and survey results now demonstrate that it is possible to obtain clear and significant acoustic responses from flint tools and debitage1 produced by humans, whereas naturally-cracked pieces of flint of similar shapes and dimensions do not produce equivalent responses. It has also been demonstrated that debitage responds acoustically even when embedded within sea-floor sediments. So far, responses have been obtained from the cultural layers of Stone Age settlements containing large amounts debitage covered by at least one metre of sediment. It is now important to develop the method further, so it is also effective for smaller amounts of debitage from all siliceous materials used by humans to produce debitage, and at maximum depths in the sediment. There should also be no water-depth limitation when operating the system. Since Stone Age sites can be expected to be found down to approximately -140 m below present sea level (the lowest glacial sea level), the system will support the practical implementation of UNESCO's 2001 convention for underwater cultural heritage, which also covers international waters [1]. The existing types of predictive modelling, based on the bathymetry of former exposed and inhabited surfaces, are very imprecise and expensive, taking into account the costs of precise physical mapping of the potential sites by coring.

KW - acoustics

KW - flint

KW - Mapping

KW - maritime archaeology

KW - Stone Age

KW - survey

U2 - 10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747

DO - 10.1109/RIOAcoustics.2017.8349747

M3 - Article in proceedings

AN - SCOPUS:85049624302

SP - 1

EP - 5

BT - 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium (RIO Acoustics)

PB - IEEE

T2 - 2017 IEEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium, RIO Acoustics 2017

Y2 - 25 July 2017 through 27 July 2017

ER -