Department of Business Development and Technology

Diego Pacheco

Seeing beyond the obvious in Ex-post Evaluation of Science, Technology and Innovation Projects: Systematic Literature Review, Conceptual Framework and Research Agenda

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

  • Liliane Almeida
  • ,
  • Diego Pacheco
  • Carlos Fernando Jung
  • ,
  • Carla Schwengber ten Caten
As the amount of public money invested in projects of science, technology, and innovation (STI) has been increasing in past years in a number of nations around the world, the debate continues about the best strategies for evaluating the impacts of STI projects. Consequently, it is crucial to ascertain what benefits society gains in return for the invested public resources. To address these challenges, this paper presents a systematic literature review about the ex-post evaluation of STI projects to identify in the literature the relevant methodologies that can be adopted to identify with more accuracy the direct and indirect results and the further deployment of impacts of STI projects given that such impacts are difficult to foresee in the project objectives. Our findings demonstrated that the majority of ex-post methodologies available (e.g., econometric, bibliometric, patent analysis, etc.) are complex to be applied for practitioners and reveal lacks and difficulties regarding implementation strategies in practice. Findings show that those that are meant to evaluate the direct and indirect impacts of STI projects are suitable, although only partially, for evaluating single or a few types of impacts, or they are oriented for specific contexts. The insights originating from the research offer a better comprehension of the systemic relationship between the objectives, results and impacts of STI projects. A novel conceptual framework supporting policymakers, scholars, and practitioners to evaluate the relationships between the objectives, results and impacts in STI projects is drawn from the findings. The contributions made are of broad interest to society and policymakers, and particularly to developing economies as BRICS.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTechnology Analysis & Strategic Management
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

    Research areas

  • Technological innovation, ex-post evaluation, knowledge transfer, literature review

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