Claus Munck Petersen

Human hepatocytes in culture synthesize and secrete fibronectin

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  • B S Christiansen
  • ,
  • J Ingerslev, Denmark
  • L Heickendorff, Denmark
  • C M Petersen
Hepatocytes were isolated by application of the two-step collagenase perfusion technique to pieces of human liver. Hepatocytes were cultivated in serum-free medium or 10% fetal calf serum medium supplemented with insulin, glucagon and dexamethasone. The cells were kept in culture for up to 16 days and 75% of the medium was regularly changed. Fibronectin in culture medium was detected by means of an ELISA with an assay range of 2.2-560 micrograms/l. The interassay imprecision was 6.3% at 500 micrograms/l and 14.3% at 10 micrograms/l. Significant amounts of fibronectin were detected in all cultures. During culture, fibronectin accumulated in the medium and the quantity secreted by hepatocytes by far exceeded the amounts of fibronectin associated with hepatocytes prior to cultivation. Maximum secretion rate by 10(6) hepatocytes was 167.5 +/- 73.3 ng fibronectin (mean +/- SEM, n = 3) in 24 h. When analysed by means of SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting the fibronectin isolated from hepatocyte culture medium and cell lysate co-migrated with fibronectin obtained from plasma. Our data show, for the first time, that human hepatocytes synthesize and secrete fibronectin, and it is suggested that the human liver is an important source of plasma fibronectin.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
Volume48
Issue7
Pages (from-to)685-90
Number of pages6
ISSN0036-5513
Publication statusPublished - 1988

    Research areas

  • Cells, Cultured, Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Fibronectins, Humans, Liver, Molecular Weight

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