Claus Munck Petersen

Human hepatocytes exhibit receptors for alpha 2-macroglobulin and pregnancy zone protein-proteinase complexes

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Hepatocytes were isolated by application of the two-step collagenase technique to pieces of human liver. 125I-labelled alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin complex bound to hepatocytes at 4 degrees C with a half time of approximately 4.5 h. At near equilibrium half of the receptors were saturated at an alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin complex concentration of about 60 pmol 1(-1) and the Scatchard plot was linear. Dissociation of the labelled complex was slow (T1/2 = 24 h) at low receptor occupancies. At high receptor occupancies dissociation was biphasic with a rate constant (K-1) for the initial rapid phase of about 2.4 x 10(-2) min-1. Labelled alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin complex bound at 4 degrees C was rapidly internalized at 37 degrees C (T1/2 = 1.9 min), and in 3.5 h approximately 10% of the label was released into the medium in a trichloroacetic acid-soluble form. At 37 degrees C, 125I alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin was taken up by hepatocytes and trichloroacetic acid soluble radioactivity appeared in the medium following a sigmoidal curve. Similar results were obtained with 125I-pregnancy zone protein-chymotrypsin complex. At 4 degrees C, hepatocytes bound nearly equal amounts of labelled alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin and pregnancy zone protein-chymotrypsin complex, and a large excess (100 nmol 1(-1) of one of the macroglobulins could almost completely abolish binding of trace amounts (5-20 pmol 1(-1] of the other. The present findings strongly suggest that the hepatocyte is of major importance for removal of alpha 2-macroglobulin- and pregnancy zone protein-proteinase complex in humans, in agreement with previous results in rats and mice.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Pages (from-to)184-90
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1988

    Research areas

  • Biological Transport, Active, Chymotrypsin, Humans, Kinetics, Liver, Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-1, Pregnancy Proteins, Receptors, Immunologic, Trypsin, alpha-Macroglobulins

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