Claus Munck Petersen

Cyclosporin A mediated immunosuppression in vitro: effect on high affinity interleukin-2 receptor expression and -turnover

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The effect of in vitro administration of Cyclosporin A (CsA) during mitogen, antigen and alloantigen activation of human T-lymphocytes on high affinity interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor expression and -turnover and IL-2 production was investigated. The presence of CsA reduced 3H-thymidine incorporation and binding of radiolabelled human recombinant (ala125) IL-2 to high-affinity receptors in a dose-dependent fashion, although a pronounced inter- and intra-individual variation in sensitivity to CsA mediated immunosuppression was observed. Maximum inhibition was obtained when antigen and CsA were added to culture medium simultaneously. Preincubation with CsA did not influence the response. Although the number of IL-2 receptors was reduced, the turnover of the remaining high affinity IL-2 receptors on CsA treated cells was unaffected. Thus, binding, internalization and degradation were qualitatively unaltered by CsA administration. Finally, T cell activation in the presence of CsA reduced radioimmuno detectable IL-2 in cell culture supernatants to about 20%. CsA, added during antigen activation, reduced the number of Tac antigen presenting cells, but anti-Tac was unable to detect variations in the expression of high affinity IL-2 receptors. The present data indicate that CsA mediates immunosuppression by affecting early events during T-cell activation, and that variations in high affinity IL-2 receptor expression and IL-2 production are secondary to this affection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHLA
Volume33
Issue1
Pages (from-to)4-14
Number of pages11
ISSN2059-2302
Publication statusPublished - 1989

    Research areas

  • Antigen-Presenting Cells, Cyclosporins, Humans, Immunosuppressive Agents, Kinetics, Lymphocyte Activation, Receptors, Interleukin-2, T-Lymphocytes

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