Christina C. Dahm

Mediterranean dietary patterns and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA project

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Dora Romaguera, Denmark
  • Teresa Norat, Denmark
  • Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Denmark
  • Traci Mouw, Denmark
  • Anne M May, Denmark
  • Antonio Agudo, Denmark
  • Genevieve Buckland, Denmark
  • Nadia Slimani, Denmark
  • Sabina Rinaldi, Denmark
  • Elisabeth Couto, Denmark
  • Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Denmark
  • Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Denmark
  • Vanessa Cottet, Denmark
  • Sabine Rohrmann, Denmark
  • Birgit Teucher, Denmark
  • Manuela Bergmann, Denmark
  • Heiner Boeing, Denmark
  • Anne Tjønneland, Denmark
  • Jytte Halkjaer, Denmark
  • Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Denmark
  • Christina C Dahm
  • Noemie Travier, Denmark
  • Laudina Rodriguez, Denmark
  • Maria José Sanchez, Denmark
  • Pilar Amiano, Denmark
  • Aurelio Barricarte, Denmark
  • José María Huerta, Denmark
  • Jian'an Luan, Denmark
  • Nick Wareham, Denmark
  • Timothy J Key, Denmark
  • Elisabeth A Spencer, Denmark
  • Philippos Orfanos, Denmark
  • Androniki Naska, Denmark
  • Antonia Trichopoulou, Denmark
  • Domenico Palli, Denmark
  • Claudia Agnoli, Denmark
  • Amalia Mattiello, Denmark
  • Rosario Tumino, Denmark
  • Paolo Vineis, Denmark
  • H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Denmark
  • Frederike L Büchner, Denmark
  • Jonas Manjer, Denmark
  • Elisabet Wirfält, Denmark
  • Ingegerd Johansson, Denmark
  • Veronica Hellstrom, Denmark
  • Eiliv Lund, Denmark
  • Toni Braaten, Denmark
  • Dagrun Engeset, Denmark
  • Andreani Odysseos, Denmark
  • Elio Riboli, Denmark
  • Petra Hm Peeters, Denmark
  • Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine
BACKGROUND: There is an association between a greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet and a reduced risk of developing chronic diseases. However, it is not clear whether this dietary pattern may be also protective against the development of obesity. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP), prospective weight change, and the incidence of overweight or obesity. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study [the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol Consumption, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home, and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project] in 373,803 individuals (103,455 men and 270,348 women; age range: 25-70 y) from 10 European countries. Anthropometric measurements were obtained at recruitment and after a median follow-up time of 5 y. The relative Mediterranean Diet Score (rMED; score range: 0-18) was used to assess adherence to the MDP according to the consumption of 9 dietary components that are characteristic of the Mediterranean diet. The association between the rMED and 5-y weight change was modeled through multiadjusted mixed-effects linear regression. RESULTS: Individuals with a high adherence to the MDP according to the rMED (11-18 points) showed a 5-y weight change of -0.16 kg (95% CI: -0.24, -0.07 kg) and were 10% (95% CI: 4%, 18%) less likely to develop overweight or obesity than were individuals with a low adherence to the MDP (0-6 points). The low meat content of the Mediterranean diet seemed to account for most of its positive effect against weight gain. CONCLUSION: This study shows that promoting the MDP as a model of healthy eating may help to prevent weight gain and the development of obesity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Pages (from-to)912-21
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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