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Christiane Beer

Fast intracellular dissolution and persistent cellular uptake of silver nanoparticles in CHO-K1 cells: implication for cytotoxicity

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Fast intracellular dissolution and persistent cellular uptake of silver nanoparticles in CHO-K1 cells: implication for cytotoxicity. / Jiang, Xiumei; Miclaus, Teodora; Wang, Liming; Foldbjerg, Rasmus; Sutherland, Duncan S; Autrup, Herman; Chen, Chunying; Beer, Christiane.

In: Nanotoxicology, Vol. 9, No. 2, 03.2015, p. 181-189.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Jiang, Xiumei ; Miclaus, Teodora ; Wang, Liming ; Foldbjerg, Rasmus ; Sutherland, Duncan S ; Autrup, Herman ; Chen, Chunying ; Beer, Christiane. / Fast intracellular dissolution and persistent cellular uptake of silver nanoparticles in CHO-K1 cells: implication for cytotoxicity. In: Nanotoxicology. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 181-189.

Bibtex

@article{4dd2ee19123b4026be41f4536cdce7f8,
title = "Fast intracellular dissolution and persistent cellular uptake of silver nanoparticles in CHO-K1 cells: implication for cytotoxicity",
abstract = "Toxicity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) has been reported both in vitro and in vivo. However, the intracellular stability and chemical state of Ag NPs are still not very well studied. In this work, we systematically investigated the cellular uptake pathways, intracellular dissolution and chemical species, and cytotoxicity of Ag NPs (15.9 ± 7.6 nm) in Chinese hamster ovary cell subclone K1 cells, a cell line recommended by the OECD for genotoxicity studies. Quantification of intracellular nanoparticle uptake and ion release was performed through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) was employed to assess the chemical state of intracellular silver. The toxic potential of Ag NPs and Ag+ was evaluated by cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and live–dead cell staining. The results suggest that cellular uptake of Ag NPs involves lipid-raft-mediated endocytosis and energy-independent diffusion. The degradation study shows that Ag NPs taken up into cells dissolved quickly and XANES results directly indicated that the internalized Ag was oxidized to Ag−O− species and then stabilized in silver−sulfur (Ag−S−) bonds within the cells. Subsequent cytotoxicity studies show that Ag NPs decrease cell viability and increase ROS production. Pre-incubation with N-acetyl-l-cysteine, an efficient antioxidant and Ag+ chelator, diminished the cytotoxicity caused by Ag NPs or Ag+ exposure. Our study suggests that the cytotoxicity mechanism of Ag NPs is related to the intracellular release of silver ions, followed by their binding to SH-groups, presumably coming from amino acids or proteins, and affecting protein functions and the antioxidant defense system of cells.",
keywords = "DEGRADATION, N-aceyul-l-cysteine, Reactive Oxygen Species, Silver nanoparticles, uptake pathway, XANES",
author = "Xiumei Jiang and Teodora Miclaus and Liming Wang and Rasmus Foldbjerg and Sutherland, {Duncan S} and Herman Autrup and Chunying Chen and Christiane Beer",
year = "2015",
month = mar,
doi = "10.3109/17435390.2014.907457",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "181--189",
journal = "Nanotoxicology",
issn = "1743-5390",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fast intracellular dissolution and persistent cellular uptake of silver nanoparticles in CHO-K1 cells: implication for cytotoxicity

AU - Jiang, Xiumei

AU - Miclaus, Teodora

AU - Wang, Liming

AU - Foldbjerg, Rasmus

AU - Sutherland, Duncan S

AU - Autrup, Herman

AU - Chen, Chunying

AU - Beer, Christiane

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - Toxicity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) has been reported both in vitro and in vivo. However, the intracellular stability and chemical state of Ag NPs are still not very well studied. In this work, we systematically investigated the cellular uptake pathways, intracellular dissolution and chemical species, and cytotoxicity of Ag NPs (15.9 ± 7.6 nm) in Chinese hamster ovary cell subclone K1 cells, a cell line recommended by the OECD for genotoxicity studies. Quantification of intracellular nanoparticle uptake and ion release was performed through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) was employed to assess the chemical state of intracellular silver. The toxic potential of Ag NPs and Ag+ was evaluated by cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and live–dead cell staining. The results suggest that cellular uptake of Ag NPs involves lipid-raft-mediated endocytosis and energy-independent diffusion. The degradation study shows that Ag NPs taken up into cells dissolved quickly and XANES results directly indicated that the internalized Ag was oxidized to Ag−O− species and then stabilized in silver−sulfur (Ag−S−) bonds within the cells. Subsequent cytotoxicity studies show that Ag NPs decrease cell viability and increase ROS production. Pre-incubation with N-acetyl-l-cysteine, an efficient antioxidant and Ag+ chelator, diminished the cytotoxicity caused by Ag NPs or Ag+ exposure. Our study suggests that the cytotoxicity mechanism of Ag NPs is related to the intracellular release of silver ions, followed by their binding to SH-groups, presumably coming from amino acids or proteins, and affecting protein functions and the antioxidant defense system of cells.

AB - Toxicity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) has been reported both in vitro and in vivo. However, the intracellular stability and chemical state of Ag NPs are still not very well studied. In this work, we systematically investigated the cellular uptake pathways, intracellular dissolution and chemical species, and cytotoxicity of Ag NPs (15.9 ± 7.6 nm) in Chinese hamster ovary cell subclone K1 cells, a cell line recommended by the OECD for genotoxicity studies. Quantification of intracellular nanoparticle uptake and ion release was performed through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) was employed to assess the chemical state of intracellular silver. The toxic potential of Ag NPs and Ag+ was evaluated by cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and live–dead cell staining. The results suggest that cellular uptake of Ag NPs involves lipid-raft-mediated endocytosis and energy-independent diffusion. The degradation study shows that Ag NPs taken up into cells dissolved quickly and XANES results directly indicated that the internalized Ag was oxidized to Ag−O− species and then stabilized in silver−sulfur (Ag−S−) bonds within the cells. Subsequent cytotoxicity studies show that Ag NPs decrease cell viability and increase ROS production. Pre-incubation with N-acetyl-l-cysteine, an efficient antioxidant and Ag+ chelator, diminished the cytotoxicity caused by Ag NPs or Ag+ exposure. Our study suggests that the cytotoxicity mechanism of Ag NPs is related to the intracellular release of silver ions, followed by their binding to SH-groups, presumably coming from amino acids or proteins, and affecting protein functions and the antioxidant defense system of cells.

KW - DEGRADATION

KW - N-aceyul-l-cysteine

KW - Reactive Oxygen Species

KW - Silver nanoparticles

KW - uptake pathway

KW - XANES

U2 - 10.3109/17435390.2014.907457

DO - 10.3109/17435390.2014.907457

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24738617

VL - 9

SP - 181

EP - 189

JO - Nanotoxicology

JF - Nanotoxicology

SN - 1743-5390

IS - 2

ER -