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Christian Alcaraz Frederiksen

Endothelial dysfunction, ambulatory pulse pressure and albuminuria are associated in Type 2 diabetic subjects

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  • The Department of Ophthalmology
  • Anæstesiologisk Afdeling, SKS
  • The Department of Cardiological Medicine B
  • Department of clinical biochemistry
  • The Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes
AIM: Elevated pulse pressure (PP) is associated with microvascular complications in Type 2 diabetic patients. In non-diabetic subjects, elevated PP has been associated with endothelial dysfunction. The relation between endothelial dysfunction and PP in diabetic subjects has not previously been examined. We examined the relation between PP, markers of endothelial activation and albuminuria in Type 2 diabetic patients.

METHODS: In 46 Type 2 diabetic patients and 19 non-diabetic subjects, we performed 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (AMBP) monitoring. Urinary albumin excretion rate was measured as three urinary albumin/creatinine ratios. Von Willebrand factor (vWF), fibrinogen, E-selectin and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) were measured in plasma.

RESULTS: Thirty-four patients had normoalbuminuria (group N) and 12 had micro- or macroalbuminuria (group A). PP levels increased in a stepwise manner from the control group (group C) to group N and group A; night PP 43 +/- 5, 48 +/- 10 and 59 +/- 12 mmHg (groups C, N and A, respectively, P < 0.001). Likewise, plasma levels of vWF, fibrinogen, E-selectin and ICAM-1 increased from group C to group A; e.g. ICAM-1 [median (interquartile range)] 191 (160-217), 213 (189-262) and 316 (260-417) ng/ml, groups C, N and A, respectively, P < 0.001). In diabetic patients, night PP and plasma levels of E-selectin and ICAM-1 correlated (r = 0.38, P < 0.01 and r = 0.37, P = 0.01, night PP with E-selectin and ICAM-1, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Increased PP is associated with endothelial activation and albuminuria in Type 2 diabetic patients. Thus, endothelial dysfunction may represent a pathophysiological link between an elevated PP and microvascular complications in these subjects. Prospective studies are needed to further elucidate these associations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Pages (from-to)911-915
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2007

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