Bo Martin Bibby

Postprandial Mineral Handling in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis

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OBJECTIVE: Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) are unable to compensate for an enlarged mineral load with increased excretion of calcium and phosphate in the urine. Hence, excess calcium and phosphate must be neutralized by other mechanisms to avoid toxicity. The present study examined the acute handling of a mineral load in HD patients as compared with healthy subjects.

DESIGN: Controlled intervention study.

SUBJECTS: Twelve HD patients and 12 matched healthy subjects.

INTERVENTION: After a weight-adjusted standardized meal, blood samples were collected for the following 9 hours for ionized calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23). The fractional excretion of calcium and phosphate was measured in controls. The patients were not allowed to take phosphate binders 24 hours before the experiment, and the study was performed on a non-HD day.

RESULTS: In healthy subjects, plasma calcium and phosphate did not change significantly from baseline, whereas HD patients demonstrated a decrease in plasma phosphate from 60 to 120 minutes by maximum 10% ([6; 13%], mean [95% confidence interval], P < .001) below baseline. PTH increased in both HD patients and controls and peaked 300 minutes after the meal 11% ([4; 19%], P < .004) above baseline in both groups. No changes in FGF23 were observed in HD patients, whereas FGF23 steadily decreased in controls, reaching nadir values at the end of the study 16% ([10; 21%], P < .001) below baseline. Control subjects demonstrated an immediate postprandial increase in the fractional excretion of both calcium and phosphate CONCLUSIONS: In HD patients, the mineral load paradoxically induced a decrease in plasma phosphate, whereas ionized calcium remained unchanged although PTH increased. These findings suggest that excess calcium and phosphate may be disposed of by mineral deposition, which may include soft tissue and vascular calcification.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
Pages (from-to)A3-223
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

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