Department of Biology

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Bo Barker Jørgensen

Succession of cable bacteria and electric currents in marine sediment

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Succession of cable bacteria and electric currents in marine sediment. / Schauer, Regina; Risgaard-Petersen, Nils; Kjeldsen, Kasper Urup; Bjerg, Jesper Jensen; Jørgensen, Bo Barker; Schramm, Andreas; Nielsen, Lars Peter.

In: I S M E Journal, Vol. 8, 23.01.2014, p. 1314-1322.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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@article{c1d4e2cabbc94d1d8a71b22da7a04b6d,
title = "Succession of cable bacteria and electric currents in marine sediment",
abstract = "Filamentous Desulfobulbaceae have been reported to conduct electrons over centimetre-long distances, thereby coupling oxygen reduction at the surface of marine sediment to sulphide oxidation in sub-surface layers. To understand how these /`cable bacteria/' establish and sustain electric conductivity, we followed a population for 53 days after exposing sulphidic sediment with initially no detectable filaments to oxygen. After 10 days, cable bacteria and electric currents were established throughout the top 15[thinsp]mm of the sediment, and after 21 days the filament density peaked with a total length of 2[thinsp]km[thinsp]cm-2. Cells elongated and divided at all depths with doubling times over the first 10 days of <20[thinsp]h. Active, oriented movement must have occurred to explain the separation of O2 and H2S by 15[thinsp]mm. Filament diameters varied from 0.4-1.7[thinsp][mu]m, with a general increase over time and depth, and yet they shared 16S rRNA sequence identity of >98%. Comparison of the increase in biovolume and electric current density suggested high cellular growth efficiency. While the vertical expansion of filaments continued over time and reached 30[thinsp]mm, the electric current density and biomass declined after 13 and 21 days, respectively. This might reflect a breakdown of short filaments as their solid sulphide sources became depleted in the top layers of the anoxic zone. In conclusion, cable bacteria combine rapid and efficient growth with oriented movement to establish and exploit the spatially separated half-reactions of sulphide oxidation and oxygen consumption.",
keywords = "cable bacteria; Desulfobulbaceae; electric currents; filament growth; marine sediment",
author = "Regina Schauer and Nils Risgaard-Petersen and Kjeldsen, {Kasper Urup} and Bjerg, {Jesper Jensen} and J{\o}rgensen, {Bo Barker} and Andreas Schramm and Nielsen, {Lars Peter}",
year = "2014",
month = jan,
day = "23",
doi = "10.1038/ismej.2013.239",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1314--1322",
journal = "I S M E Journal",
issn = "1751-7362",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Succession of cable bacteria and electric currents in marine sediment

AU - Schauer, Regina

AU - Risgaard-Petersen, Nils

AU - Kjeldsen, Kasper Urup

AU - Bjerg, Jesper Jensen

AU - Jørgensen, Bo Barker

AU - Schramm, Andreas

AU - Nielsen, Lars Peter

PY - 2014/1/23

Y1 - 2014/1/23

N2 - Filamentous Desulfobulbaceae have been reported to conduct electrons over centimetre-long distances, thereby coupling oxygen reduction at the surface of marine sediment to sulphide oxidation in sub-surface layers. To understand how these /`cable bacteria/' establish and sustain electric conductivity, we followed a population for 53 days after exposing sulphidic sediment with initially no detectable filaments to oxygen. After 10 days, cable bacteria and electric currents were established throughout the top 15[thinsp]mm of the sediment, and after 21 days the filament density peaked with a total length of 2[thinsp]km[thinsp]cm-2. Cells elongated and divided at all depths with doubling times over the first 10 days of <20[thinsp]h. Active, oriented movement must have occurred to explain the separation of O2 and H2S by 15[thinsp]mm. Filament diameters varied from 0.4-1.7[thinsp][mu]m, with a general increase over time and depth, and yet they shared 16S rRNA sequence identity of >98%. Comparison of the increase in biovolume and electric current density suggested high cellular growth efficiency. While the vertical expansion of filaments continued over time and reached 30[thinsp]mm, the electric current density and biomass declined after 13 and 21 days, respectively. This might reflect a breakdown of short filaments as their solid sulphide sources became depleted in the top layers of the anoxic zone. In conclusion, cable bacteria combine rapid and efficient growth with oriented movement to establish and exploit the spatially separated half-reactions of sulphide oxidation and oxygen consumption.

AB - Filamentous Desulfobulbaceae have been reported to conduct electrons over centimetre-long distances, thereby coupling oxygen reduction at the surface of marine sediment to sulphide oxidation in sub-surface layers. To understand how these /`cable bacteria/' establish and sustain electric conductivity, we followed a population for 53 days after exposing sulphidic sediment with initially no detectable filaments to oxygen. After 10 days, cable bacteria and electric currents were established throughout the top 15[thinsp]mm of the sediment, and after 21 days the filament density peaked with a total length of 2[thinsp]km[thinsp]cm-2. Cells elongated and divided at all depths with doubling times over the first 10 days of <20[thinsp]h. Active, oriented movement must have occurred to explain the separation of O2 and H2S by 15[thinsp]mm. Filament diameters varied from 0.4-1.7[thinsp][mu]m, with a general increase over time and depth, and yet they shared 16S rRNA sequence identity of >98%. Comparison of the increase in biovolume and electric current density suggested high cellular growth efficiency. While the vertical expansion of filaments continued over time and reached 30[thinsp]mm, the electric current density and biomass declined after 13 and 21 days, respectively. This might reflect a breakdown of short filaments as their solid sulphide sources became depleted in the top layers of the anoxic zone. In conclusion, cable bacteria combine rapid and efficient growth with oriented movement to establish and exploit the spatially separated half-reactions of sulphide oxidation and oxygen consumption.

KW - cable bacteria; Desulfobulbaceae; electric currents; filament growth; marine sediment

U2 - 10.1038/ismej.2013.239

DO - 10.1038/ismej.2013.239

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24451206

VL - 8

SP - 1314

EP - 1322

JO - I S M E Journal

JF - I S M E Journal

SN - 1751-7362

ER -