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Bo Barker Jørgensen

Reactivity of Iron Minerals in the Seabed Toward Microbial Reduction – A Comparison of Different Extraction Techniques

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Reactivity of Iron Minerals in the Seabed Toward Microbial Reduction – A Comparison of Different Extraction Techniques. / Laufer, Katja; Michaud, Alexander B.; Røy, Hans; Jørgensen, Bo B.

In: Geomicrobiology Journal, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2020, p. 170-189.

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Laufer, Katja ; Michaud, Alexander B. ; Røy, Hans ; Jørgensen, Bo B. / Reactivity of Iron Minerals in the Seabed Toward Microbial Reduction – A Comparison of Different Extraction Techniques. In: Geomicrobiology Journal. 2020 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 170-189.

Bibtex

@article{61118d93bbc34516b3a426354272fd52,
title = "Reactivity of Iron Minerals in the Seabed Toward Microbial Reduction – A Comparison of Different Extraction Techniques",
abstract = "Dissimilatory iron reduction and sulfate reduction are the most important processes for anaerobic mineralization of organic carbon in marine sediments. The thermodynamics and kinetics of microbial Fe(III) reduction depend on the characteristics of the Fe(III) minerals, which influence the potential of Fe(III)-reducers to compete with sulfate-reducers for common organic substrates. In the present study, we tested different methods to quantify and characterize microbially reducible Fe(III) in sediments from a transect in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, using different standard sequential endpoint extractions and time-course extractions with either ascorbate or a Fe(III)-reducing microbial culture. Similar trends of increasing {\textquoteleft}reactive Fe{\textquoteright} content of the sediment along the fjord transect were found using the different extraction methods. However, the total amount of {\textquoteleft}reactive Fe{\textquoteright} extracted differed between the methods, due to different Fe dissolution mechanisms and different targeted Fe fractions. Time-course extractions additionally provided information on the reactivity and heterogeneity of the extracted Fe(III) minerals, which also impact the favorability for microbial reduction. Our results show which fractions of the existing Fe extraction protocols should be considered {\textquoteleft}reactive{\textquoteright} in the sense of being favorable for microbial Fe(III) reduction, which is important in studies on early diagenesis in marine sediments.",
keywords = "Arctic, Fe reduction, iron, sediment, sulfate reduction, Svalbard",
author = "Katja Laufer and Michaud, {Alexander B.} and Hans R{\o}y and J{\o}rgensen, {Bo B.}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1080/01490451.2019.1679291",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "170--189",
journal = "Geomicrobiology Journal",
issn = "0149-0451",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis Inc.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactivity of Iron Minerals in the Seabed Toward Microbial Reduction – A Comparison of Different Extraction Techniques

AU - Laufer, Katja

AU - Michaud, Alexander B.

AU - Røy, Hans

AU - Jørgensen, Bo B.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Dissimilatory iron reduction and sulfate reduction are the most important processes for anaerobic mineralization of organic carbon in marine sediments. The thermodynamics and kinetics of microbial Fe(III) reduction depend on the characteristics of the Fe(III) minerals, which influence the potential of Fe(III)-reducers to compete with sulfate-reducers for common organic substrates. In the present study, we tested different methods to quantify and characterize microbially reducible Fe(III) in sediments from a transect in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, using different standard sequential endpoint extractions and time-course extractions with either ascorbate or a Fe(III)-reducing microbial culture. Similar trends of increasing ‘reactive Fe’ content of the sediment along the fjord transect were found using the different extraction methods. However, the total amount of ‘reactive Fe’ extracted differed between the methods, due to different Fe dissolution mechanisms and different targeted Fe fractions. Time-course extractions additionally provided information on the reactivity and heterogeneity of the extracted Fe(III) minerals, which also impact the favorability for microbial reduction. Our results show which fractions of the existing Fe extraction protocols should be considered ‘reactive’ in the sense of being favorable for microbial Fe(III) reduction, which is important in studies on early diagenesis in marine sediments.

AB - Dissimilatory iron reduction and sulfate reduction are the most important processes for anaerobic mineralization of organic carbon in marine sediments. The thermodynamics and kinetics of microbial Fe(III) reduction depend on the characteristics of the Fe(III) minerals, which influence the potential of Fe(III)-reducers to compete with sulfate-reducers for common organic substrates. In the present study, we tested different methods to quantify and characterize microbially reducible Fe(III) in sediments from a transect in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, using different standard sequential endpoint extractions and time-course extractions with either ascorbate or a Fe(III)-reducing microbial culture. Similar trends of increasing ‘reactive Fe’ content of the sediment along the fjord transect were found using the different extraction methods. However, the total amount of ‘reactive Fe’ extracted differed between the methods, due to different Fe dissolution mechanisms and different targeted Fe fractions. Time-course extractions additionally provided information on the reactivity and heterogeneity of the extracted Fe(III) minerals, which also impact the favorability for microbial reduction. Our results show which fractions of the existing Fe extraction protocols should be considered ‘reactive’ in the sense of being favorable for microbial Fe(III) reduction, which is important in studies on early diagenesis in marine sediments.

KW - Arctic

KW - Fe reduction

KW - iron

KW - sediment

KW - sulfate reduction

KW - Svalbard

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85076456725&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01490451.2019.1679291

DO - 10.1080/01490451.2019.1679291

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85076456725

VL - 37

SP - 170

EP - 189

JO - Geomicrobiology Journal

JF - Geomicrobiology Journal

SN - 0149-0451

IS - 2

ER -