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Anni Hangaard Andersen

Human DNA topoisomerases II alpha and II beta can functionally substitute for yeast TOP2 in chromosome segregation and recombination

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  • S Jensen, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • C S Redwood
  • ,
  • J R Jenkins
  • ,
  • A H Andersen
  • I D Hickson

The ability of the human DNA topoisomerase II alpha and II beta isozymes to complement functional defects conferred by conditional top2 mutations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been investigated. At the restrictive temperature, top2 strains show multiple abnormalities, including an inability to complete mitotic and meiotic division owing to a defect in chromosome segregation, and hyper-recombination within the repetitive rDNA gene cluster. We show that the human topoisomerases II alpha and II beta can each support both vegetative growth and the production of viable spores in a top2-4 mutant at the restrictive temperature. Similarly, both human isozymes can rescue a strain carrying a top2 gene disruption, and suppress hyper-recombination within the rDNA gene cluster. We conclude that the human topoisomerase II alpha and II beta isozymes are functionally interchangeable with yeast topoisomerase II and suggest that any isozyme-specific roles in human cells are likely to be dependent upon factors other than inherent differences in catalytic ability between the alpha and beta isozymes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomics
Volume252
Issue1-2
Pages (from-to)79-86
Number of pages8
ISSN0026-8925
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 1996

    Research areas

  • Antigens, Neoplasm, DNA Topoisomerases, Type II, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Expression, Genetic Complementation Test, Humans, Isoenzymes, Meiosis, Mutation, Recombination, Genetic, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Spores, Fungal, Temperature, Transformation, Genetic, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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